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Table 3 Comparisons of Psychosocial Correlates of Risk Group and Control Group at Time 2 in 1997

From: Continuity, psychosocial correlates, and outcome of problematic substance use from adolescence to young adulthood in a community sample

  Problematic Substance Use Group Control Group  
  Total (N = 155) Total (N = 438) F
  Mean SD Mean SD (df = 1)
Number of Live Events 6.78 3.58 5.00 3.15 31.20***
Life Events Impact -7.42 5.26 -5.57 4.44 18.08***
Active Coping 4.74 1.23 4.92 1.87 3.60
Avoidant Coping 2.98 1.24 2.60 1.46 11.67**
Self-Esteem 26.69 6.24 27.65 6.00 3.64
Self-Awareness 20.72 5.33 19.94 5.56 1.70
Maternal Acceptance 25.93 6.28 28.11 5.66 15.98***
Maternal Rejection 6.46 4.45 5.40 4.30 10.32**
Maternal Control 9.60 3.94 9.99 3.86 0.25
Paternal Acceptance 23.64 7.04 25.69 6.44 9.83**
Paternal Rejection 6.45 4.62 5.45 3.96 9.07**
Paternal Control 8.47 3.83 9.06 3.78 0.11
Competition at School 8.17 4.64 7.91 4.82 0.46
Controlling Teachers 14.72 6.33 13.39 5.81 11.06**
Possibilities to Participate 14.11 4.47 16.14 4.04 23.85***
Performance Stress 8.75 3.61 8.09 3.87 2.24
Peer Acceptance 15.68 3.03 14.60 3.40 10.53**
Size of Social Network 20.97 6.71 21.31 6.00 0.00
Efficiency of Social Network 21.17 3.13 21.80 3.23 2.90
  1. Group effect: Wilks Lambda = 0.85; F = 5.13; df = 19/571; p < 0.001
  2. *p < .05 **p < .01 ***p < .001