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Table 1 Overview of prevalence rates in different studies

From: Prevalence of mental disorders among adolescents in German youth welfare institutions

Study Sample Sample size Prevalence Instruments ICD-10 diagnoses
McIntyre and Keesler 1986 [32] foster care N = 158 48.7% CBCL (1) No
McCann et al. 1996 [23] foster & residential care N = 103 n = 38 in residential care 96% in residential care 57%in foster care CBCL Kiddie-sads (4) Yes
Minnis et al. 2001 [33] foster care N = 182 60% SDQ (2) No
Hukkanen R. et al. 1999 [25] residential care N = 91 59% CBCL & TRF No
Dimigen et al. 1999 [24] residential and foster N = 70 30–50% in the different subscales Devereux Scales of mental disorders (3) No
Graf et al. 2002 [12] residential care N = 103 80% Clinical Diagnoses Yes
Meltzer et al. 2003 [2] Ford et al. 2007 [3] foster & residential care Total 1039 (N = 168 residential care) Total 45–49% 68% (residential care) SDQ clinical interview Yes
Burns et al. 2004 [1] foster & residential care N = 3803 88,6% in residential care 63,1% in foster care CBCL No
Blower et al. 2004 [26] foster & residential care N = 48 44% in residential care CBCL & Kiddie sads Yes
Mount et al. 2004 [34] foster & residential care N = 50 70% SDQ No
  1. (1) Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) [15],
  2. (2) Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) [31],
  3. (3) Devereux Scales of mental disorders [35], Kiddie-Sads [30]