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Table 2 Clinical characteristics of the ADHD and normative survey population

From: Impact of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder on the patient and family: results from a European survey

Characteristics ADHD children (n = 910)* Normative children (n = 995)
Responding parent   
Female, n (%) 716 (79) 612 (61)
Male, n (%) 194 (21) 384 (39)
Age of the majority of respondents, years 38–47 40–44
Marital status of respondents   
Single/never married/widowed, n (%) 92 (10) 88 (9)
Married/cohabiting, n (%) 655 (72) 780 (78)
Divorced/separated, n (%) 160 (18) 128 (13)
Number of children aged 6–18 years per household   
1 child, n (%) 321 (35) 520 (52)
2 children, n (%) 375 (41) 333 (34)
>/= 3 children, n (%) 214 (24) 142 (14)
Number of children with ADHD per household   
1 child, n (%) 430 (73) N/A
> 1 child, n (%) 159 (27) N/A
Gender of child   
Male, n (%) 688 (76) 760 (76)
Female, n (%) 222 (24) 235 (24)
Mean age of child, years 11.4 12.0
Average age of ADHD diagnosis, years 6.4 N/A
Medication status for child with ADHD   
Receiving stimulant medication, n (%) 350 (38) N/A
   6–8 hour medication 140 (40) N/A
   12-hour medication 210 (60) N/A
Not receiving medication, n (%) 560 (62) N/A
Length of time ADHD medication prescribed   
3–6 months, n (%) 27 (8) N/A
6–12 months, n (%) 52 (15)  
> 1 year, n (%) 271 (77)  
  1. 6–8 hour mediation consisted of long-acting medication taken once-daily or short short-acting medication taken twice-daily; 12-hour stimulant medication consisted of long-acting medication taken once-daily, short-acting medication taken three-times daily or a combination of long- and short-acting medication
  2. *If > 1 ADHD child with ADHD in household, the survey was completed with reference to the eldest child
  3. If > 1 child without ADHD in household, survey was also completed with reference to the eldest child
  4. ADHD = attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder; N/A = not applicable