Skip to main content

Table 1 Overview about follow-up studies on VEOS and EOS

From: The psychopathological and psychosocial outcome of early-onset schizophrenia: Preliminary data of a 13-year follow-up

Study Number of reassessed patients Age at onset (range in years) Follow-up interval (years) Outcome (rounded values)
Werry et al. [7] 30 7–17 1–16 Status of disorder at follow-up:
23% quiescent
13% subchronic
64% chronic
     Living situation:
7% independent
13% semidependent
67% dependent
(13% dead)
     Episodes since index:
3% none
7% one/two
90% two+
Gillberg et al. [8] 23 13–19 11–17 Overall outcome:
13% good
9% intermediate
78% extremely poor
Asarnow et al. [14] 18 6–13 2–7 Psychosocial functioning:
28% good
28% moderate improvement
28% minimal improvement
17% deteriorating course
Eggers & Bunk [9] 44 6–14 42 Overall outcome:
25% complete remission
25% partial remission
50% no remission
Lay et al. [16] 65 11–17 12 Social disability:
20% none or minimum
14% obvious
30% serious
31% very serious
5% maximum dysfunction
     Sources of income:
25% self
39% parents/spouse
37% public assistance
     Marital status:
91% single
5% married
5% divorced
Fleischhaker et al. [10] 81 16 (mean) 10 Outcome (Global Assessment Scale, GAS):
20% good
38% moderate
42% poor
     Employment:
38% clinical setting
14% semisheltered basis
29% nonsheltered basis
18% did not work
     Depressive symptoms:
21% severe symptoms
19% moderate symptoms
Röpcke & Eggers [17] 39 16 (mean) 15 Severity of symptoms:
8% full remission
56% moderate outcome
36% poor outcome
     Employment:
5% clinical setting
20% regular occupation
36% sheltered basis
31% did not work
     Marital status
69% single
31% partner/family
Remschmidt et al. [18] 38 5–14 42 Outcome (GAS):
16% good
24% moderate
60% poor
     Employment:
71% unemployed
5% employed
24% receiving a pension
     Marital status:
74% single or death
18% married
8% divorced or widow