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Table 1 Mean scores (M) and standard deviations (SD) on Verbal IQ (VIQ), Performance IQ (PIQ) and Full Scale IQ (FSIQ) in a group of children (n= 80) divided into three subgroups: children in the traumatized parents group without PTSD-related symptoms (n = 9), children in the traumatized parents group with PTSD-related symptoms (n = 31), and children in the non-traumatized parents (n = 40). F-ratio for one-way ANOVAs (df2.78) and significance (Tukey 1%) for subgroup comparisons

From: Resilience and vulnerability among refugee children of traumatized and non-traumatized parents

IQ Traumatized Non-PTSD-related symptoms A Traumatized PTSD-related symptoms B Non-Traumatized C    Post-hoc test p < 0.01
  M SD M SD M SD F p  
VIQ 91.7 14.3 86.7 11.1 104.2 12.4 18.8 <.001 C > A, B
PIQ 83.4 16.5 86.2 13.9 100.7 14.8 10.7 <.001 C > A, B
FSIQ 86.4 15.9 86.5 12.1 102.5 13.2 18.3 <.001 C > A, B
  1. Note: A = Children without PTSD-related symptoms in the traumatized parents group;
  2. B = Children with PTSD-related symptoms in the traumatized parents group;
  3. C = Children in the non-traumatized parents group.