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Table 3 Mean raw scores (M) and standard deviations (SD) of SDQ among refugee children of traumatized parents without PTSD-related symptoms; refugee children of traumatized parents with PTSD-related symptoms and refugee children of non-traumatized parents denoted as Non-traumatized without PTSD-related symptoms group (n= 80).

From: Resilience and vulnerability among refugee children of traumatized and non-traumatized parents

SDQ variables Traumatized without PTSD-related symptoms A Traumatized with PTSD- related symptoms B Non- traumatized without PTSD-related symptoms C    Post-hoc test p < 0.01
  M SD M SD M SD F p  
Emotionality 4.2 2.0 5.7 2.3 2.2 2.0 15.3 < 0.001 C < A, B
Hyperactivity 5.2 2.9 6.6 2.8 2.6 2.0 15.2 < 0.01 C < A, B
Peer problems 3.9 2.0 4.6 2.5 2.7 2.2 4.2 < 0.05 C < B
Prosocial behaviour 6.1 3.2 6.1 3.6 7.6 1.8 3.4 n. s.  
SDQ Total Score 16.6 7.7 20.6 7.7 9.1 6.1 19.0 < 0.001 C < B, A
  1. Note:A = Children without PTSD-related symptoms in the traumatized parents group;
  2. B = Children with PTSD-related symptoms in the traumatized parents group;
  3. C = Children in the non-traumatized parents group.