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Table 1 Mean Subscale Scores by age and gender for the parent completed SDQ in a community sample of 3 – 17 year old Chinese children

From: The validity, reliability and normative scores of the parent, teacher and self report versions of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire in China

  Mean Scores (Std. Dev.)
SDQ Scale Parent Total (n = 1965)
[Male n = 950, Female = 1015]
3 – 10 years (n = 1217)
[Male n = 595, Female = 622]
11 – 17 years (n = 748)
[Male n = 355, Female = 393]
Emotional Symptoms 1.97 (1.83) [UK 1.9]* Male 1.84 (1.77) 2.09 (1.83) Male 1.94 (1.75) 1.76 (1.83) Male 1.66 (1.81)
   Female 2.09 (1.88)   Female 2.25 (1.89)   Female 1.85(1.85)
Conduct Problems 1.57 (1.45) [UK 1.6]* Male 1.77 (1.55) 1.59 (1.42) Male 1.80 (1.52) 1.53 (1.50) Male 1.72 (1.60)
   Female 1.39 (1.33)   Female 1.40 (1.30)   Female 1.35(1.40)
Hyperactivity – Inattention 4.22 (2.42) [UK 3.5]* Male 4.64 (2.44) 4.49 (2.45) Male 4.88 (2.47) 3.77 (2.30) Male 4.25 (2.35)
   Female 3.83 (2.33)   Female 4.13 (2.38)   Female 3.33 (2.16)
Peer Problems 2.71 (1.67) [UK 1.5]* Male 2.84 (1.69) 2.71 (1.70) Male 2.70 (1.74) 2.72 (1.62) Male 3.05 (1.59)
   Female 2.59 (1.64)   Female 2.71 (1.67)   Female 2.42 (1.58)
Prosocial Behaviour 7.14 (1.98) [UK 8.6]* Male 6.80 (2.01) 7.16 (1.91) Male 6.84 (1.94) 7.13 (2.07) Male 6.76 (2.12)
   Female 7.46 (1.89)   Female 7.47 (1.83)   Female 7.46 (1.97)
Total Difficulties 10.48 (4.93) [UK 8.4]* Male 11.09 (4.99) 10.89 (4.84) Male 11.32(4.89) 9.77 (5.00) Male 11.03 (5.17)
   Female 9.90 (4.80)   Female 10.49 (4.77)   Female 8.27 (5.11)
  1. * UK norms as reported in [38]