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Table 1 Ethnic and gender specificity at the beginning of the kindergarten year

From: The specificity and the development of social-emotional competence in a multi-ethnic-classroom

  At the beginning At the end At the beginning of the kindergarten year At the end of the kindergarten year
Variable M (SD) M (SD) M(SD) Asian-American M(SD) Latin-American M(SD) Asian-American M(SD) Latin-American
  N = 65 N = 65 male n = 17 female n = 10 male n = 18 female n = 20 male n = 17 female n = 10 male n = 18 female n = 20
Empathetic relation 7.81 (2.39) 6.96 (2.77) 7.95 (2.34) 7.46 (2.78) 6.71 (1.42) 8.44 (2.34) 5.75 (2.63) 7.42 (4.37) 7.47 (1.81) 7.76 (3.18)
Avoidance strategies 12.09 (5.83) 12.82 (6.44) 11.39 (5.85) 10.65 (3.40) 12.56 (5.20) 12.65 (6.47) 14.67 (6.01) 11.97 (6.14) 12.22 (6.63) 11.90 (6.69)
Moral themes 14.58 (5.20) 15.07 (5.09) 10.90 (3.99) 14.75 (4.44) 14.14 (4.04) 17.58 (4.45) 12.21 (5.13) 15.00 (5.29) 14.54 (5.20) 17.79 (4.16)
Interpersonal conflict 1.11 (1.39) 0.87 (1.08) 0.48 (0.52) 0.80 (1.03) 1.52 (1.67) 1.31 (1.50) 0.83 (1.03) 1.05 (1.27) 0.46 (0.64) 1.12 (1.32)
Dissociation codes 1.45 (2.37) 1.26 (2.09) 1.37 (1.91) 0.41 (0.71) 2.60 (3.47) 0.87 (1.46) 1.24 (1.89) 0.87 (0.71) 1.58 (2.68) 0.92 (1.64)
Dysregulated aggression 6.77 (9.41) 5.75 (8.54) 8.92 (9.43) 2.74 (3.55) 10.43 (12.48) 3.38 (5.93) 7.80 (8.49) 2.32 (1.26) 7.09 (10.39) 2.49 (5.07)
Narrative emotions 6.73 (4.63) 9.13 (5.35) 7.68 (5.00) 6.16 (3.60) 7.33 (4.78) 5.41 (3.97) 10.24 (5.08) 10.37 (3.60) 9.11 (5.85) 7.02 (5.16)