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Table 2 SDQ, self- and parent reports (total score, subscales and impact)a

From: Better mental health in children of Vietnamese refugees compared with their Norwegian peers - a matter of cultural difference?

  All
Mean (SD)
Girls
Mean (SD)
Boysb
Mean (SD)
Self-report SDQ n = 59 n = 28 n = 31
Total difficulties 9.3 (4.6) 9.4 (4.3) 9.1 (5.0)
Emotion 2.9 (2.2) 3.4 (2.2) 2.5 (2.1)
Conduct 1.6 (1.2) 1.3 (1.0) 1.9 (1.3)*
Hyperactivity 3.0 (2.1) 3.0 (2.1) 3.1 (2.2)
Peer problems 1.9 (1.5) 1.9 (1.5) 1.9 (1.6)
Prosocial 7.9 (1.7) 8.2 (1.5) 7.6 (1.9)
Impact 0.20 (0.66) 0.21 (0.79) 0.19 (0.54)
Parent SDQ n = 88 n = 39 n = 49
Total difficulties 9.0 (5.7) 8.7 (5.7) 9.2 (5.8)
Emotion 2.5 (2.6) 2.7 (2.6) 2.3 (2.6)
Conduct 1.3 (1.3) 1.0 (1.1) 1.4 (1.4)
Hyperactivity 3.1 (2.1) 2.7 (2.2) 3.3 (2.0)
Peer problems 2.2 (1.5) 2.3 (1.5) 2.2 (1.4)
Prosocial 8.3 (1.6) 8.9 (1.1) 7.8 (1.9)**
Impact 1.82 (6.4) 2.18 (7.2) 0.86 (3.3)
  1. aHigher scores indicate more problems on all scales except prosocial; high prosocial score indicate good function. An impact score of 1 is defined as borderline, 2 or more defined as abnormal or "caseness" according to Goodman [10].
  2. bSignificance for gender differences: * p-value < 0.05, ** p-value < 0.01
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