Skip to main content

Table 4 Analyses of SDQ total, subscales and impact observed in Norwegian-Vietnamese children (NV), compared with expected mean scores from the Norwegian norm sample (No), adjusted for age, gender, family and perceived level of economy.

From: Better mental health in children of Vietnamese refugees compared with their Norwegian peers - a matter of cultural difference?

SDQ Age and grade Age, grade and family Age, grade, family and perceived economy
Self NV (n = 53) No NV (n = 53) No NV (n = 49) No
Total problems 8.9 (4.4)* 10.5 (0.5) 8.9 (4.4)* 10.1 (0.5) 9.1 (4.5)** 10.9 (1.4)
Emotion 2.8 (2.2) 2.7 (0.6) 2.8 (2.2) 2.6 (0.6) 2.8 (2.2) 2.8 (0.7)
Conduct 1.5 (1.2)** 2.0 (0.3) 1.5 (1.2)* 1.9 (0.3) 1.6 (1.2)* 2.0 (0.3)
Hyperact 2.9 (2.1)*** 4.0 (0.3) 2.9 (2.1) 3.3 (0.9) 2.9 (2.2)* 3.6 (1.1)
Peer problems 1.8 (1.5) 1.9 (0.2) 1.8 (1.5) 1.5 (0.4) 1.9 (1.5) 1.7 (0.6)
Prosocial 7.9 (1.7)t 7.5 (0.6) 7.9 (1.7)t 7.4 (0.6) 7.9 (1.7)* 7.3 (0.7)
Impact 0.2 (0.6) *** 0.9 (0.6) 0.2 (0.6)*** 0.8 (0.5) 0.2 (0.7)*** 0.9 (0.6)
Parent (n = 39)   (n = 39)   (n = 38)  
Total problems 8.6 (6.2)* 6.3 (0.5) 8.6 (6.2)** 5.8 (0.7) 8.7 (6.3)* 6.3 (0.9)
Emotion 2.1 (2.5)t 1.3 (0.1) 2.1 (2.5)* 1.2 (0.1) 2.2 (2.5)* 1.3 (0.2)
Conduct 1.2 (1.4) 1.1 (0.1) 1.2 (1.4) 1.0 (0.1) 1.2 (1.4) 1.1 (0.2)
Hyperact 3.1 (2.4) 2.7 (0.4) 3.1 (2.4) 2.6 (0.5) 3.2 (2.4) 2.8 (0.6)
Peer problems 2.2 (1.5)*** 1.1 (0.1) 2.2 (1.5)*** 1.0 (0.1) 2.2 (1.5)*** 1.1 (0.2)
Prosocial 8.3 (1.6) 8.2 (0.3) 8.3 (1.6) 8.2 (0.3) 8.3 (1.6) 8.1 (0.3)
Impact 1.1 (3.8) 0.4 (0.1) 1.1 (3.8) 0.3 (0.1) 1.1 (3.8) 0.3 (0.2)
  1. Self-report grade 5-13, parent report grade 3-7. Total mean (SD).
  2. a Significance for difference from expected mean scores: t p-value 0.05-0.09; * p-value <0.05; ** p-value <0.01; *** p-value <0.001
\