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Table 2 Generalized Estimating Equations results on time and time interaction with traumatic experiences

From: Impact of resilience enhancing programs on youth surviving the Beslan school siege

  Model 1: Time Only Model 2: Specification 1 Hostage Status Interaction Model 2: Specification 2 Losses Interaction Model 2: Specification 3 Injuries Interaction Model 2: Specification 4 Losses/Injuries Interaction
Main effects      
   Effect of Time      
Follow-up 2 3.72 (.84)*** 6.69 (1.34)*** 2.25 (.89)* 2.30 (.91)* 3.23 (1.11)***
Follow-up 1 3.25 (.38)*** 3.48 (.58)*** 3.22 (.49)*** 3.60 (.61)*** 4.00 (.78)***
Study baseline Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref. Ref.
Effect of Traumatization      
   Hostage Status      
Hostage   -8.89 (2.76)***    
Non-hostage   Ref.    
   Losses      
2+ losses    -13.38 (3.93)***   
1 loss    -2.70 (3.51)   
No losses    Ref.   
   Injuries      
3+ injuries     -11.67 (3.92)**  
1-2 injuries     -1.41 (2.83)  
No injuries     Ref.  
   Losses/Injuries      
3+ losses/injuries      -11.78 (3.51)***
1-2 losses/injuries      -0.64 (2.95)
No injuries      Ref.
Interactions of time with traumatization      
   Hostage Status      
Follow-up 2 * hostage   5.82 (1.58)***    
Follow-up 1 * hostage   0.44 (0.76)    
Study baseline * hostage   Ref.    
   Losses      
Follow-up 2 * 2+ losses    6.69 (2.44)**   
Follow-up 2 * 1 loss    1.11 (2.10)   
Follow-up 2 * 0 losses    Ref.   
Follow-up 1 * 2+ losses    1.25 (.93)   
Follow-up 1 * 1 loss    -.81 (.95)   
Follow-up 1 * 0 losses    Ref.   
   Injuries      
Follow-up 2 * 3+ injuries     5.17 (2.06)*  
Follow-up 2 * 1-2 injuries     .98 (1.65)  
Follow-up 2 * 0 injuries     Ref.  
Follow-up 1 * 3+ injuries     -.42 (.86)  
Follow-up 1 * 1-2 injuries     -.53 (.87)  
Follow-up 1 * 0 injuries     Ref.  
   Losses/Injuries      
Follow-up 2 * 3+ losses/injuries      4.99 (1.79)**
Follow-up 2 * 1-2 losses/injuries      0.07 (0.95)
Follow-up 2 * 0 losses/injuries      Ref.
Follow-up 1 * 3+ losses/injuries      -2.11 (1.70)
Follow-up 1 * 1-2 losses/injuries      -1.63 (0.98)
Follow-up 1 * 0 losses/injuries      Ref.
   Intercept 70.15 (1.44)*** 65.61 (2.35)*** 73.20 (1.58)*** 72.97 (1.85)*** 73.95 (2.20)***
  1. Note: Table values represent estimated coefficient (standard error). *** p < .001, **p < .01.