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Table 2 Change in baseline to endpoint in psychological distress (n = 27)

From: Randomised controlled trial of school-based humanistic counselling for emotional distress in young people: Feasibility study and preliminary indications of efficacy

  Counselling Waiting list     
Measure Baseline Endpoint Baseline Endpoint F p* Effect size ( g ) ES confidence interval (95%)
SDQ-ES 5.31 (1.55) 4.08 (1.98) 5.43 (1.56) 4.14 (2.21) 0.00 .99 0.03 -0.72 - 0.78
SDQ-TD 16.08 (6.45) 12.46 (5.53) 16.07 (6.44) 13.86 (5.41) 0.84 .37 0.25 -0.51 - 1.01
SDQ-PS 8.00 (1.73) 9.15 (0.69) 8.21 (1.42) 7.86 (1.83) 12.77 .002 0.89 0.10 - 1.68
SDQ-IMPa 2.00 (1.94) 1.89 (2.93) 1.36 (1.29) 1.36 (1.50) 0.17 .87 -0.23 -1.11 - 0.65
YP-CORE 17.31 (6.14) 10.46 (7.45) 16.63 (8.20) 12.29 (6.17) 1.1 .30 0.26 -0.50 - 1.02
MFQ 24.67 (12.62) 15.85 (9.34) 22.54 (12.06) 16.06 (10.54) 0.01 .94 0.02 -0.73 - 0.77
SIQ-ABS 1.54 (2.18) 1.54 (1.51) 1.43 (1.57) 2.14 (3.72)   .79 0.19 -0.57 - 0.95
SIQ-SWB 7.85 (2.70) 8.54 (2.67) 8.50 (2.44) 8.64 (2.31) 0.19 .67 -0.04 -0.79 - 0.72
SDQ-SRb   3.18 (0.75)   2.45 (1.04) 3.56 .074 0.78 -0.13 - 1.69
  1. Values represent mean (SD). SDQ-ES = SDQ Emotional symptoms scale; SDQ-TD = SDQ Total Difficulties score; SDQ-PS = SDQ Prosocial score; SDQ-IMP = SDQ Impact score; YP-CORE = Young person's CORE; MFQ = Moods and Feelings Questionnaire; SIQ-ABS = school absences; SIQ-SWB = "School wellbeing"; SDQ-SR = SDQ self-rating of improvement (endpoint only)
  2. *ANCOVA was used for all measures in which baseline and endpoint data are available and normally distributed; ANOVA for SDQ-SR; Mann-Whitney Test on endpoint data for SIQ-ABS due to non-normal distribution
  3. aSDQ-IMP data were not completed by four participants in the counselling condition and three participants in the waiting list condition
  4. bSDQ-SR data were not completed by two participants in the counselling condition and three participants in the waiting list condition