Skip to main content

Table 2 Substance use and substance use disorders

From: Axis I comorbidity in adolescent inpatients referred for treatment of substance use disorders

  Consume* (%) Age of first use (SD) Days of use*# (SD) Present disorder+ (%) Lifetime disorder (%)
  present lifetime    abuse dependence SUD abuse dependence SUD
Tobacco 150 (99.3) 151 (100) 11.57 (2.21) 29.67 (2.32) - - - - - -
Alcohol 98 (64.9) 145 (96,0) 12.97 (1.73) 8.80 (7.74) 29 (19.2) 20 (13.2) 49 (32.5) 42 (27.8) 29 (19.2) 58 (38.4)
Cannabis 128 (84.8) 150 (99.3) 13.22 (1.46) 18.57 (9.10) 17 (11.3) 101 (66.9) 118 (78.1) 39 (25.8) 106 (70.2) 128 (84.8)
Ecstasy 33 (21.9) 88 (58.3) 15.24 (1.46) 5.87 (5.12) 8 (5.3) 19 (12.6) 27 (17.9) 15 (9.9) 22 (14.6) 34 (22.5)
Amphetamine 54 (35.8) 102 (67.5) 15.30 (1.44) 10.50 (9.05) 8 (5.3) 19 (12.6) 27 (17.9) 15 (9.9) 22 (14.6) 34 (22.5)
Hallucinogensa 13 (8.6) 66 (43.7) 15.69 (1.31) 2.83 (2.82) 3 (2.0) 4 (2.6) 7 (4.6) 6 (4.0) 6 (4.0) 12 (7.9)
Cocaine 13 (8.6) 58 (38.4) 16.09 (1.72) 8.31 (7.42) 1 (.7) 7 (4.6) 8 (5.3) 2 (1.3) 8 (5.3) 10 (6.6)
Opiates 6 (4.0) 23 (15.2) 15.26 (1.84) 26.17 (6.15) 4 (2.6) 7 (4.6) 11 (7.3) 6 (4.0) 8 (5.3) 11 (7.3)
Inhalants 7 (4.6) 34 (22.5) 14.76 (2.13) 12.57 (10.33) 0 (0) 2 (1.3) 2 (1.3) 1 (.7) 2 (1.3) 3 (2.0)
Polysubstance - - - - 2 (1.3) 11 (7.3) 13 (8.6) 3 (2.0) 13 (8.6) 16 (10.6)
  1. *consume in the last 30 days, #calculated for those patients with present consumption, +criteria fulfilled for the last six months, a including psychotropic mushrooms; all percentages are based on the total study group of n = 151.