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Table 5 Comorbid DSM-IV-TR diagnoses

From: Axis I comorbidity in adolescent inpatients referred for treatment of substance use disorders

  Total
(n = 151) Age = 16.95 (1.76)
Subgroup (with K-SADS)
(n = 65)a Age = 16.12 (1.10)
  Present (%) Lifetime (%) Present (%) Lifetime (%)
Mood disorder 29 (19.2) 33 (21.9) 12 (18.5) 13 (20.0)
   Major depressive episode 5 (3.3) 7 (4.6) 3 (4.6) 4 (6.2)
   Dysthymic disorder 24 (15.9) 24 (15.9) 8 (12.3) 8 (12.3)
   Bipolar disorders 3 (2.0) 6 (4.0) 2 (3.1) 3 (4.6)
Anxiety disorder 34 (22.5) 40 (26.5) 19 (29.2) 22 (33.8)
   Panic disorder with agoraphobia 4 (2.6) 5 (3.3) 2 (3.1) 3 (4.6)
   Panic disorder w/o agoraphobia 3 (2.0) 3 (2.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
   Specific phobia 10 (6.6) 13 (8.6) 3 (4.6) 4 (6.2)
   Social phobia 2 (1.3) 4 (2.6) 1 (1.5) 3 (4.6)
   Obsessive-compulsive disorder 2 (1.3) 2 (1.3) 2 (3.1) 2 (3.1)
   Posttraumatic stress disorder 12 (7.9) 12 (7.9) 9 (13.8) 9 (13.8)
   Generalized anxiety disorder 3 (2.0) 4 (2.6) 1 (1.5) 1 (1.5)
   Anxiety disorder NOS 3 (2.0) 3 (2.0) 3 (4.6) 3 (4.6)
Adjustment disorder 2 (1.3) 2 (1.3) 2 (3.1) 2 (3.1)
Somatoform disorders 14 (9.3) 22 (14.6) 8 (12.3) 13 (20.0)
Eating disorders 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0)
ADHD - - 6 (9.2) 13 (20.0)
Conduct disorder - - 27 (41.5) 39 (60.0)
Axis I disorder(s) 61 (40.5)* 69 (45.7)* 44 (67.7) 53 (81.5)
  1. Note: ADHD = Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder; CD = Conduct disorder; NOS = Not otherwise specified.
  2. a only participants 17 years old or younger. *without CD and ADHD.