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Table 2 HoNOSCA scales scores.

From: Clinician-rated mental health in outpatient child and adolescent mental health services: associations with parent, teacher and adolescent ratings

    Effects1 Score distribution2
  Mean (SD) Sex Age 0 1 2 3 4
1. Aggressive behaviour 1.2 (1.1) B > G*   33% 26% 24% 16% 1%
2. Overactivity or attention problems 1.9 (1.3) B > G*   22% 12% 18% 46% 3%
3. Self-injury3,4 0.2 (0.7) G > B** O > Y** 88% 5% 4% 4% 0%
4. Drug or alcohol misuse3 0.1 (0.4)   O > Y** 90% 8% 2% 1% 0%
5. Scholastic problems 1.5 (1.3) B > G*   32% 17% 23% 25% 3%
6. Somatic problems 0.5 (0.9)    71% 11% 14% 2% 1%
7. Abnormal thoughts or perceptions 0.3 (0.7)    86% 7% 5% 3% 0%
8. Psychosomatic symptoms 0.8 (1.0)    54% 24% 12% 9% 1%
9. Emotional symptoms 1.6 (1.1) G > B**   22% 25% 22% 31% 0%
10. Peer problems 1.5 (1.1)    24% 29% 26% 18% 3%
11. Self-care problems 0.4 (0.8)   Y > O** 73% 14% 10% 3% 1%
12. Family problems 1.5 (1.1)    26% 22% 35% 14% 3%
13. Poor school attendance 0.5 (0.9)   O > Y* 77% 5% 14% 3% 1%
Total Score (sum scale 1-13) 12.0 (4.6)        
  1. Mean (SD), effect of sex, age, and score distribution (n = 153) on the HoNOSCA scales.
  2. *P < 0.05 and false discovery rate (FDR) < 0.06, **P < 0.01 and FDR < 0.03, G = Girls, B = Boys, Y = Younger (6-10 years), O = Older (11-17 years).
  3. 1 Effects were analysed using the general linear model (GLM) in SPSS, and the significant effects are shown.
  4. 2 Scores: 0 = no problem; 1 = minor problem requiring no action; 2 = mild problem but definitely present; 3 = moderately severe problem; 4 = severe to very severe problem.
  5. 3 All participants younger than 11 years were rated 0.
  6. 4 Interaction Sex × Age is significant for this scale with P < 0.01 and FDR < 0.06