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Table 3 Descriptive statistics for continuous predictor variables at each cycle of data collection

From: Parenting-by-gender interactions in child psychopathology: attempting to address inconsistencies with a Canadian national database

Variable and Cycle Females (n= 607) Males (n= 607) Total (n = 1214)
  M (SD) M (SD) M (SD)
Age 1 (y) 4.49 (0.49) 4.49 (0.51) 4.49 (0.50)
Age 2 (y) 6.46 (0.49) 6.47 (0.51) 6.47 (0.50)
Age 3 (y) 8.42 (0.48) 8.42 (0.50) 8.42 (0.50)
Age 4 (y) 10.45 (0.49) 10.49 (0.51) 10.47 (0.50)
Hostile-Ineffective 1 9.14 (3.54) 9.11 (3.70) 9.13 (3.62)
Hostile-Ineffective 2 8.46 (3.36) 8.97 (3.96) 8.72 (3.68)
Hostile-Ineffective 3 8.86 (3.60) 8.86 (3.73) 8.86 (3.66)
Hostile-Ineffective 4 8.37 (3.40) 8.40 (3.92) 8.39 (3.67)
Parental Consistency 1 14.31 (3.67) 15.16 (3.17) 14.74 (3.95)
Parental Consistency 2 15.20 (3.03) 15.42 (3.13) 15.31 (3.08)
Parental Consistency 3 13.14 (2.63) 15.55 (2.98) 14.35 (3.22)
Parental Consistency 4 14.95 (3.23) 15.81 (3.02) 15.38 (3.15)
Positive Interaction 1 14.23 (2.94) 14.69 (2.89) 14.46 (2.92)
Positive Interaction 2 13.14 (2.63) 13.19 (2.51) 13.17 (2.57)
Positive Interaction 3 12.00 (2.49) 12.19 (2.51) 12.10 (2.50)
Positive Interaction 4 11.74 (2.55) 11.81 (2.59) 11.78 (2.57)
  1. M (SD): Mean (standard deviation)
  2. Note: Hostile-Ineffective Parenting (7 items, range 0-28), Parental Consistency (5 items, 0-20), Positive Interaction (5 items, 0-20)