Skip to main content

Table 1 Descriptives and mean scores (SD) on the mother-son relationship characteristics for each subsample

From: Ethnic differences in the mother-son relationship of incarcerated and non-incarcerated male adolescents in the Netherlands

  ND
N = 208
NM
N = 116
ID
N = 63
IM
N = 66
Range (Min - Max) Skew-ness Kurtosis
Affection Expression 38.75a (7.57) 36.38b (10.30) 35.90b,c (8.84) 40.47a (8.27) 45
(9 - 54)
-.570 .127
Discipline 14.67a (5.16) 18.36b (7.65) 17.14b
(6.30)
21.41c
(7.97)
25
(5 - 30)
-.044 -.909
Monitoring 19.82a (2.22) 18.20b,c (4.28) 17.58c (3.90) 19.07a,b (5.42) 18
(6 - 24)
-.967 1.242
Conflicts issues outside home 14.56a (4.66) 15.13a (6.44) 17.49b (6.26) 17.56b (7.77) 28
(7 - 35)
.701 .169
Conflicts in-home issues 13.72a (3.82) 11.59b (4.62) 12.89a,c (4.11) 8.94d (4.01) 24
(6 - 30)
.575 .105
  1. Note. ND = Non-incarcerated Dutch, NM = Non-incarcerated Moroccan, ID = Incarcerated Dutch, IM = Incarcerated Moroccan; a,b,c,d Different superscripts refer to significant differences (p < 0.05) between the groups (within rows), tested by means of MANOVA.