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Table 7 Investigations and treatment modalities practiced among Egyptian and Saudi groups

From: Characteristics of autism spectrum disorders in a sample of egyptian and saudi patients: transcultural cross sectional study

Examinations and interventions Egyptian n (%) Saudi n (%) X2 df P value
Radiology Normal 15 (75%) 6 (21.4%) 7.93 2 0.000
  Abnormal 3 (15%) 2 (7.1%)    
  Not available 2 (10%) 20 (71.4%)    
Audiometry Normal 19 (95%) 14 (50%) 11.03 2 0.004
  Abnormal 0 2 (7.1%)    
  Not available 1 (5%) 12(42.9%)    
Type of intervention Drugs only 2 (10%) 12 (42.9%) 13.5 3 0.004
  Behavioral only 6 (30%) 0    
  Combined 10 (50%) 15 (53.6%)    
  Others 2 (10%) 1 (3.6%)    
Drug treatment No drug 8 (40%) 0 13.5 3 0.004
  Stable monotherapy 6 (30%) 14 (50%)    
  Stable polytherapy 3 (15%) 6 (21.4%)    
  Changeable drugs 3 (15%) 8 (28.6%)    
Behavioral treatment Yes 17 (85%) 15 (53.6%) 10.1 1 0.006
  No 3 (15%) 13 (46.4%)    
Phoniatric treatment Yes 18 (90%) 7 (25%) 19.7 1 0.000
  No 2 (10%) 21 (75%)