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Table 3 Effects of CBT focusing on cognition for primary and secondary outcome measures across time

From: Cognitive behavioral therapy of socially phobic children focusing on cognition: a randomised wait-list control study

  Treatment group (n = 21) Wait list (n = 23)  
  M (SD) M (SD) Group effect
CHILD-COMPLETED PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES
Social Phobia and Anxiety Inventory for Children, German version (SPAIK)
Pre-treatment 24.47 (7.23) 20.60 (6.09) F(1,42) = 3.71 ns
Post-treatment 12.30 (9.13) 18.41 (8.53) F(1,42) = 5.26 *
CLINICIAN-COMPLETED PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES
Severity (DIPS-K)    
Pre-treatment 5.33 (1.24) 5.17 (0.58) F(1,42) = .31 ns
Post-treatment 3.43 (2.44) 4.96 (0.42) F(1,42) = 6.33*
CHILD-COMPLETED SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES
Coping Questionnaire - Child (CQ-C)   
Pre-treatment 3.11 (0.62) 3.10 (0.57) F(1,42) = .01 ns
Post-treatment 1.77 (1.19) 2.27 (0.89) F(1,42) = 2.57 ns
Socially Anxious Cognitions Scale for Children (SAKK)
Positive Self-evaluation   
Pre-treatment 19.83 (7.67) 13.23 (6.64) F(1,37) = 8.21**
Post-treatment 24.52 (8.14) 14.98 (6.11) F(1,35) = 16.56***
Negative Self-evaluation   
Pre-treatment 8.85 (6.14) 13.68 (6.29) F(1,37) = 5.90*
Post-treatment 7.78 (6.26) 12.15 (7.23) F(1,36) = 3.92*
Coping ideas    
Pre-treatment 14.25 (6.33) 11.89 (7.73) F(1,37) = 1.09 ns
Post-treatment 17.68 (7.02) 11.94 (6.16) F(1,38) = 7.60**
Behavior Diary    
Pre-treatment 18.72 (7.63) 20.50 (6.88) F(1,32) = .50 ns
Post-treatment 19.21 (7.55) 19.84 (6.49) F(1,36) = .076 ns
Children's Depression Inventory (DIKJ)
Pre-treatment 11.52 (6.87) 9.91 (6.06) F(1,42) = .68 ns
Post-treatment 9.71 (9.06) 11.22 (6.80) F(1,42) = .39 ns
CLINICIAN-COMPLETED SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES
Overall functioning    
Pre-treatment 52.14 (7.84) 53.70 (6.94) F(1,42) = .49 ns
Post-treatment 61.19 (14.31) 55.43 (5.62 F(1,42) = 3.19 p = .08
  1. Note: * p < .05; ** p < .01: *** p < .001 ns not significant; scores for both groups were compared with one-way analyses of variance (ANOVAs) for the primary outcome measure and for all secondary outcome measures