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Table 1 Risk factors for psychiatric morbidity in children

From: Psychiatric disorders in children attending a Nigerian primary care unit: functional impairment and risk factors

Variables Cases n (%) Non-Cases n (%) Chi Square P value
Age group in years (N = 157) 7–10 11-14 31(32) 9(15) 66(68) 51(85) 4.76 0.029
Educational status (N = 157) No formal education Primary school Secondary school 3(100) 33(28) 4(11) 0(0) 84(72) 33(89) 13.43 0.000
*School performance (N = 152) Good Poor 28(20) 7(64) 113(80) 4(36) 8.70 0.003
Presence of chronic physical illness (N = 157) Present Absent 11(44) 29(22) 14(56) 103(78) 4.28 0.039
Number of hospital visits in the last 6 months (N = 157) None One Two ≥ Three 8(24) 15(24) 3(9) 14(47) 25(76) 47(76) 29(91) 16(53) 11.54 0.009
Parenting distress with one or more children (N = 157) Present Not Present 13(62) 27(20) 8(38) 109(80) 14.80 0.000
Presence of psychological disorder In the mother by GHQ-12 (N = 157) Present Not Present 8(47) 32(23) 9(53) 108(77) 3.49 0.040
  1. * 5 children were not attending school (3 never attended and 2 were withdrawn from primary school before study commenced).
  2. n/N % in row brackets to the nearest whole number.