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Table 1 Gender, age and outer circumstances of the deaths by suicide, accident and gender

From: Suicide or accident? A psychological autopsy study of suicide in youths under the age of 16 compared to deaths labeled as accidents

  Suicide Suicide group Accident Accident group Suicide vs. accident
  Boys Girls boys vs. girls Boys girls boys vs. girls  
  n% n% OR (CI) p n (%) n (%) OR (CI) p OR (CI) p
Gender 30 (71) 12 (29)     22 (52) 20 (48)     .4 (.2-1.1) .12
Age, mean 14.3 14.4    .25 13.7 13.2    .63    <.01
  SD 1.5 1.2     1.6 1.7       
Strangulation 19 (63) 9 (75)    .72 1 (5) -       
 Hung Freely 11 (58) 5 (56)    .46 - -       
 Both feet on the ground 5 (26) 1 (11)     - -       
 Sitting down 3 (16) 3 (33)            
Firearm 9 (30) 1 (8.3)    .23         
Jumping/falling 1 (3.5) 1 (8.3)    .49 - 1 (5)    .48    
Drowning 1 (3.5) 1 (8.3)    .49 4 (18) 4 (20)    1.00    
Intoxication - -     2 (9) -       
Pedestrian, bicycle - -     11 (50) 12 (60)    .55    
Train, tram, subway - -     2 (9) 1 (5)    1.00    
Other accident* - -     2 (9) 2 (10)    1.00    
Place of death              <.01
 Family residence 10 (33) 8 (67) .3 (.1-1.0) .08 2 (9) 1 (5)** 1.9 (.2-22.7) 1.00    
 Family garage 6 (20) 1 (8) 2.8 (.3-25.7) .65 - -       
 Elsewhere 14 (47) 3 (25) 2.6 (.6-11.7) 30 19 (86) 19 (95) .3 (.0-3.5) 61    
Time of death N=41     .94 N=34     .81    .02
 Morning 6a.m.-14p.m. 3 (35) 2 (17)     7 (11) 4 (29)       
 Afternoon 14-18p.m. 16 (57) 6 (50)     3 (15) 4 (29)       
 Evening 18-24p.m. 6 (40) 3 (25)     8 (21) 5 (36)       
 Night 0a.m.-6a.m. 3 (11) 1 (8)     2 (10) 1 (7)       
Died on a n = 40     .41 n = 35     .84    .18
 Monday 5 (18) 6 (55)     3 (14) 3 (21)       
 Tuesday 5 (18) 1 (8)     0 1 (7)       
 Wednesday 5 (18) 1 (8)     4 (19) 3 (21)       
 Thursday 8 (29) 1 (8)     3 (14) 2 (14)       
 Friday 1 (4) 1 (8)     4 (19) 2 (14)       
 Saturday 2 (7) 1 (8)     4 (19) 1 (7)       
 Sunday 2 (7) 1 (8)     3 (14) 2 (14)       
Season              
 Bright (March-Aug.) 11 (37) 3 (25) 1.0    15 (68) 17 (85) 1.0    1.0   
 Dark (Sept.-Feb.) 19 (63) 9 (75) 1.7 (.4-7.8) .72 7 (32) 3 (15) .4 (.1-1.7) .28 6.4 (2.5-16.7) <.01
The deceased found by              
 Family member 17 (57) 7 (58) 1.0    5 (23) 1 (5) 1.0    1.0   
 Other 13 (43) 5 (42) .9 (.2-3.6) 1.00 17 (77) 19 (95) 5.6 (.6-52.7) .19 .1 (.0-.4) <.01
Alive when found              
 Yes 5 (17) 1 (8) 1.0    13 (59) 3 (81) 1.0    1.0   
 No 25 (83) 11 (92) 2.0 (.2-21.1) .66 9 (41) 3 (19) .3 (.1-1.5) .18 13.0 (4.3-39.1) <.01
  1. *Other accident = fire, explosion during play etc.
  2. ** = Residence of a relative.