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Table 5 Results of regression analyses of country and parenting practices predicting BDI-II depression scores, controlling for gender and maternal education

From: Parenting and depressive symptoms among adolescents in four Caribbean societies

Predictor B Beta t Δ R2
Stage One – Control Variable     0.06*
 Mother’s Education −1.80 -0.09 −3.70*  
 Gender −4.26 -0.21 −9.08*  
Stage Two – Main Effects     0.09*
 Jamaica 2.15 0.08 3.10*  
 Bahamas −1.05 -0.03 −1.32  
 St. Kitts -0.69 -0.03 1.31  
 Authoritative Parenting −5.94 -0.28 −9.59*  
 Permissive Parenting −5.35 -0.20 −7.39*  
 Neglectful Parenting -0.04 -0.00 -0.06  
Stage Three – Interaction Effects     0.01*
 Jamaica by Authoritative Parenting −3.22 -0.08 −1.69  
 Jamaica by Permissive Parenting −4.05 -0.06 −1.74  
 Jamaica by Neglectful Parenting 0.90 0.02 0.45  
 Bahamas by Authoritative Parenting −2.07 -0.04 −1.03  
 Bahamas by Permissive Parenting −2.39 -0.03 -0.95  
 Bahamas by Neglectful Parenting -0.07 -0.00 -0.03  
 St. Kitts by Authoritative Parenting −3.88 -0.13 −2.67*  
 St. Kitts by Permissive Parenting −4.68 -0.12 −2.89*  
 St. Kitts by Neglectful Parenting −3.96 -0.12 −2.66*  
  1. * p < .05.
  2. Total variance = .155, Unique variance = .078, Shared variance = .077.