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Table 4 Percentage of children with neurological disorders identified by each informant and by both informants as presenting with a particular ASSQ item, and level of agreement reported as kappa values (n = 99)

From: Autism spectrum symptoms in children with neurological disorders

Social difficulties, % Parentsa Teachersa Co-id.a Kappaa
  Lives in own world 14.1 17.2 6.1 .275
  No social fit in language 16.2 14.1 5.1 .215
  Lacks empathy 9.1 7.1 2.0 .185
  Naïve remarks 11.1 6.1 3.0 .298
  Deviant style of gaze 7.1 6.1 2.0 .259
  Fails to make friends 12.1 11.1 3.0 .164
  Sociable on own terms only 10.1 8.1 2.0 .145
  Lacks best friend 21.2 17.2 10.1 .415
  Lacks common sense 12.1 10.1 6.1 .489
  Poor at games, own rules 18.4 19.4 10.2 .434
  Bullied by other children 7.1* 1.0 1.0 .237
Motor/tics/OCD, %     
  Different voice/speech 5.1 7.1 2.0 .291
  Clumsy 15.2 17.2 7.1 .330
  Involuntary movements 5.1 3.0 0.0 -.040
  Compulsory repetitive 4.0 1.0 0.0 -.016
  Insists on no change 8.3* 2.1 2.1 .379
  Idiosyncratic attachment 7.1 5.1 2.0 .291
  Unusual facial expression 1.0 4.0 0.0 -.016
  Unusual posture 3.0 5.1 0.0 -.039
Autistic style, %     
  Old-fashioned or precocious 19.2 9.1 3.0 .104
  Eccentric professor 2.0 0.0   
  Accumulate facts 10.1 4.0 1.0 .090
  Literal understanding 7.1 4.1 1.0 .137
  Robotlike language 2.0 2.0 1.0 .490
  Idiosyncratic words 6.1 2.0 0.0 -.031
  Uneven abilities 15.3 7.1 3.1 .194
  1. Co-id. = percentage of children identified by both parents and teachers. aScores of 0 and 1 were collapsed. *Significantly higher at the p<.05 level.