Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Associations of bullying-related behaviours (at least once monthly) with socioeconomic variables and psychiatric morbidity.

From: Bullying behaviour in schools, socioeconomic position and psychiatric morbidity: a cross-sectional study in late adolescents in Greece

  (base = Not involved in bullying-related behaviours) OR (95% CI)
  Victims Perpetrators Victims-Perpetrators
Female Gender 0.56 (0.37-0.85) 0.22 (0.15-0.33) 0.33 (0.20-0.55)
Grade    
10th 1.00 1.00 1.00
11th 0.80 (0.49-1.29) 1.39 (0.95-2.04) 1.37 (0.77-2.43)
12th 0.63 (0.39-1.00) 1.09 (0.71-1.70) 0.49 (0.26-0.90)
Father's Educational Level    
Primary 1.00 1.00 1.00
Secondary Basic 1.04 (0.52-2.06) 1.00 (0.52-1.93) 1.30 (0.57-2.96)
Secondary Complete 0.75 (0.43-1.32) 1.04 (0.56-1.93) 0.84 (0.40-1.79)
Technological degree 0.65 (0.30-1.42) 0.98 (0.48-2.01) 0.34 (0.13-0.93)
University degree 0.95 (0.50-1.81) 1.22 (0.59-2.50) 0.98 (0.45-2.15)
Mother's Educational Level    
Primary 1.00 1.00 1.00
Secondary Basic 0.94 (0.48-1.83) 1.34 (0.67-2.67) 1.95 (0.81-4.67)
Secondary Complete 0.73 (0.42-1.27) 1.14 (0.63-2.07) 1.10 (0.51-2.37)
Technological degree 0.48 (0.22-1.02) 0.52 (0.24-1.15) 1.66 (0.65-4.24)
University degree 0.70 (0.29-1.67) 0.94 (0.45-1.96) 1.58 (0.62-4.05)
Financial Difficulties    
No 1.00 1.00 1.00
Very few 1.38 (0.85-2.23) 1.18 (0.79-1.76) 1.14 (0.67-1.95)
Some/A lot 1.22 (0.71-2.11) 1.33 (0.77-2.30) 1.41 (0.72-2.76)
School Performance    
Excellent 2.05 (0.90-4.66) 0.53 (0.26-1.11) 1.35 (0.61-3.01)
Very good 1.41 (0.83-2.39) 0.53 (0.33-0.86) 0.86 (0.43-1.71)
Good 1.41 (0.85-2.36) 0.79 (0.52-1.21) 1.23 (0.68-2.21)
Fair 1.00 1.00 1.00
Father's Employment Type    
Public sector employee 1.00 1.00 1.00
Private sector employee 1.02 (0.58-1.78) 0.87 (0.51-1.49) 0.70 (0.38-1.27)
Self-employed 1.21 (0.76-1.91) 1.61 (0.99-2.63) 0.92 (0.51-1.68)
Retired 0.77 (0.31-1.92) 0.32 (0.14-0.71) 0.89 (0.22-3.60)
Unemployed/Other 2.28 (0.86-6.05) 2.32 (1.19-4.51) 0.73 (0.24-2.26)
Mother's Employment Type    
Employee (public or private) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Self-employed 1.41 (0.72-2.76) 1.08 (0.63-1.88) 2.01 (0.84-4.78)
Unemployed 0.63 (0.29-1.39) 0.87 (0.41-1.88) 1.39 (0.47-4.10)
Looks after house 0.67 (0.40-1.11) 1.00 (0.65-1.57) 2.11 (1.20-3.69)
Retired//Other 0.47 (0.21-1.06) 0.86 (0.39-1.91) 2.53 (1.16-5.52)
BMI    
< 19 1.00 1.00 1.00
19-22 0.80 (0.48-1.33) 1.41 (0.84-2.37) 0.89 (0.47-1.69)
22-25 0.85 (0.47-1.55) 1.32 (0.73-2.41) 1.05 (0.51-2.13)
25-30 1.28 (0.59-2.79) 1.10 (0.57-2.13) 2.00 (0.94-4.22)
> = 30 2.42 (0.49-11.98) 1.85 (0.57-5.99) 1.41 (0.33-6.01)
Psychiatric Symptoms    
No symptoms 1.00 1.00 1.00
Subthreshold symptoms 2.15 (1.03-4.50) 1.65 (1.04-2.60) 4.52 (1.94-10.54)
Mild symptoms 3.06 (1.43-6.52) 1.92 (1.22-3.03) 3.77 (1.67-8.52)
Severe symptoms 6.32 (3.30-12.09) 1.75 (1.08-2.86) 7.57 (3.33-17.23)
  1. Adjusted odds ratios of bullying-related behaviours in adolescents 16-18 years old attending senior high schools in Greece (N = 2,427)
  2. OR: Odds ratio
  3. CI: Confidence Interval