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Table 1 QCD scores among the parents of 1514 elementary school and junior high school students

From: The reliability and validity of the Questionnaire - Children with Difficulties (QCD)

  Answer  
  0=completely disagree 1=somewhat (partially) agree 2=mostly agree 3=completely agree N Mean SD Correlations coefficients with the full scale
Early morning/before going to school
1. Can your child promptly get out of his/her bed? 213(14%) 381(25%) 482(32%) 438(29%) 1514 1.76 1.02 .454
2. Can your child promptly groom himself/herself (for example, washing face, brushing teeth and getting dressed)? 131(9%) 394(26%) 528(35%) 461(30%) 1514 1.87 0.95 .586
3. Can your child behave in an age-appropriate manner at breakfast? 30(2%) 238(16%) 559(37%) 687(45%) 1514 2.26 0.79 .617
4. Can your child spend his/her time before going to school in the morning without getting into trouble or having quarrels with his/her parents or siblings? 53(4%) 259(17%) 549(36%) 653(43%) 1514 2.19 0.84 .613
School
5. Does your child like going to school? 19(1%) 113(7%) 434(29%) 948(63%) 1514 2.53 0.69 .500
6. Can your child behave in class as other children do? 16(1%) 93(6%) 399(26%) 1006(66%) 1514 2.58 0.66 .673
7. Does your child have friends who accept him/her at school? 8(1%) 72(5%) 393(26%) 1041(69%) 1514 2.63 0.60 .612
After school
8. Can your child discuss events that happened at school with his/her parents/guardian? 25(2%) 230(15%) 545(36%) 714(47%) 1514 2.29 0.78 .636
9. Does your child have friends of his/her own age? 5(1%) 60(4%) 294(19%) 1155(76%) 1514 2.72 0.55 .621
10. Can your child confidently participate in extracurricular activities, such as sports, with children of his/her own age? 48(3%) 165(11%) 365(24%) 936(62%) 1514 2.45 0.81 542
Evening
11. Can your child do his/her homework at home without difficulties? 41(3%) 207(14%) 450(30%) 816(54%) 1514 2.35 0.81 .664
12. After everyone returns home (including parents/guardians), can your child enjoy family time without constantly quarrelling with others? 48(3%) 256(17%) 614(41%) 596(39%) 1514 2.16 0.81 .662
13. Can your child converse in a calm manner during dinnertime conversations? 12(1%) 130(9%) 506(33%) 866(57%) 1514 2.47 0.68 .675
14. Do parents feel comfortable being together with the child when engaging in activities (for example, going out or shopping)? 18(1%) 80(5%) 334(22%) 1082(71%) 1514 2.64 0.64 .599
Night
15. Adolescent child (12 years or older):
Can your child engage in activities at night with friends of his/her own age? These activities may include playing, studying, going to cram school, taking private lessons (for example, playing a musical instrument and/or calligraphy), and playing sports. 13(3%) 33(8%) 94(22%) 290(67%) 430 2.54 0.76 .533
16. Younger children (younger than 12 years):
Can your child follow instructions at night (for example, brushing teeth, changing clothes)? 9(1%) 89(8%) 317(21%) 667(44%) 1082 2.52 0.68 .616
17. Can your child go to sleep without any difficulties? 11(1%) 76(5%) 261(17%) 1166(77%) 1514 2.71 0.59 .567
18. Is your child sleeping without waking up during the night? 9(1%) 50(3%) 263(17%) 1192(79%) 1514 2.74 0.54 .443
Overall behavior
19. Does your child have self-confidence? Is your child socially accepted by others (such as belonging to a group of his/her friends), and emotionally stable? 24(2%) 129(9%) 556(37%) 805(53%) 1514 2.41 0.71 .747
20. Does your child have more days in the week, where he/she is able to spend the day without facing confusion, getting into quarrels or displaying rebellious behavior? 46(3%) 182(12%) 550(36%) 736(49%) 1514 2.31 0.80 .696
  1. All correlations were significant at p < 0.001.