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Table 3 Association between peer victimisation and psychological symptoms

From: Peer victimisation and its association with psychological and somatic health problems among adolescents in northern Russia

   Female Male
Outcome Victimisation# % Adj. OR (95% CI)* % Adj. OR (95% CI)*
Psychological symptoms
Depression 0 15.8 1.00 7.3 1.00
  1-2 20.2 1.42 (0.95-2.12) 10.5 1.46 (0.88-2.42)
  3-5 22.1 1.68 (1.14-2.48)b 14.2 2.22 (1.35-3.65)b
  6-8 37.6 3.95 (2.68-5.82)c 9.5 1.38 (0.88-2.17)
  9-10 36.7 3.55 (1.90-6.62)c 25.4 4.23 (2.25-7.94)c
  11-27 48.0 6.09 (3.18-11.66)c 32.9 6.63 (4.91-8.95)c
Anxiety 0 17.9 1.00 9.1 1.00
  1-2 21.0 1.23 (0.93-1.62) 13.6 1.65 (1.06-2.58)a
  3-5 26.6 1.70 (1.22-2.37)b 14.3 1.75 (1.07-2.86)a
  6-8 33.9 2.50 (1.65-3.78)c 13.5 1.62 (0.70-3.75)
  9-10 39.1 3.03 (1.83-5.02)c 21.1 2.57 (1.49-4.43)b
  11-27 34.0 2.42 (1.54-3.80)c 24.8 3.33 (1.90-5.85)c
Posttraumatic stress 0 22.9 1.00 13.9 1.00
  1-2 28.6 1.44 (1.12-1.86)b 12.4 0.96 (0.50-1.84)
  3-5 31.7 1.70 (1.14-2.54)b 17.3 1.42 (0.86-2.34)
  6-8 43.0 3.06 (2.15-4.35)c 24.1 2.09 (1.31-3.32)b
  9-10 61.1 6.15 (3.33-11.37)c 34.8 3.66 (1.85-7.26)c
  11-27 61.5 6.45 (5.00-8.32)c 45.3 5.09 (3.31-7.82)c
  1. # School-based peer victimisation is a composite score based on 9 questions with answers: 0 (not at all) 1 (once) 2 (2–3 times) 3 (≥4 times).
  2. *Adjusted for parental education, family structure and age.
  3. Depression and anxiety symptoms were defined as the highest quintile of composite scores. Posttraumatic stress (PTS) refers to those with moderate or higher levels of PTS.
  4. aP<0.05, bP<0.01, cP<0.001.