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Table 3 Sociodemographic factors and anxiety disorders: Bivariate associations

From: Prevalence, comorbidity and predictors of anxiety disorders in children and adolescents in rural north-eastern Uganda

Factor Level Total (n) Anxiety disorders n(%)
District Gulu 403 22 (5.5%)
  Kaberamaido 399 128 (32.1%)
Lira 372 147 (39.5%)
  Tororo 413 126 (30.5%)
Age in years (grouped) ≤ 5 286 72 (25.2%)
  6 – 9 416 103 (24.8%)
10 – 13 550 148 (26.9%)
14 – 19 335 100 (29.8%)
Gender Male 734 172 (23.4%)
Female 853 251 (29.4%)
Education No formal education 409 115 (28.1%)
  Primary (1 – 7 years) 1120 286 (25.5%)
Secondary (8+ years) 58 22 (37.9%)
Living arrangements With both parents 945 222 (23.5%)
  Mother Only 336 84 (25.0%)
Father Only 56 23 (41.1%)
With grandparents 132 56 (42.4%)
Other 118 38 (32.2%)
Nature of housing Permanent 133 46 (34.6%)
  Semi-permanent 297 72 (24.2%)
Hut 1105 282 (25.5%)
Other 52 23 (44.2%)
Family income (UGX) < 15,000 777 216 (27.8%)
  15,000 – 99,000 358 109 (30.4%)
100,000 + 285 67 (23.5%)
Employment status of guardian Professional 338 77 (22.8%)
Casual 382 49 (12.8%)
  Housewife 216 63 (29.2%)
Unemployed 410 153 (37.3%)
Other 241 81 (33.6%)
Number of siblings 0 – 2 243 65 (26.8%)
  3 - 4 421 111 (26.4%)
5 - 6 493 114 (23.1%)
7+ 430 133 (30.9%)
Parent’s education None 400 124 (31.0%)
  Elementary (Primary) 841 233 (27.7%)
Secondary 217 40 (18.4%)
  Higher 129 26 (20.2%)