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Table 2 Frequency in demographic variables and problem behavior

From: Assessing change in the behavior of children and adolescents in youth welfare institutions using goal attainment scaling

N = 433 n %
Girls 157 36.3
Children lived with both their biological parents before placement. 123 28.4
Children did not live with any parent before placement. 128 29.6
Children lived in foster care or residential care directly before this placement. 67 15.5
Time lag between start of this placement and initial recording of individual goals (M = 8.0 months, SD = 11.5):   
 < 1 month 92 21.2
 1 to 3 months 106 24.5
 3 to 12 months 138 31.9
 > 12 months 97 22.4
At least one parent was not born in Germany (immigrant background). 76 17.6
Problems reported at school (M = 3.4, SD = 1.9) 365 84.3
Problem behavior (CBCL, T ≥ 60; caregiver report, N = 406):   
 only internalizing 97 23.9
 only externalizing 81 20.0
 internal and external 122 30.1
Problem behavior (YSR, T ≥ 60; youth report, N = 398):   
 only internalizing 75 18.8
 only externalizing 61 15.3
 internal and external 122 30.7
ICD-10 diagnosis (caregiver report) 112 25.9
  1. CBCL = Child Behavior Checklist/4-18; YSR = Youth Self-Report.