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Table 4 Correlation matrix for social goals at the initial (t1) and last (tn) measurement

From: Assessing change in the behavior of children and adolescents in youth welfare institutions using goal attainment scaling

  (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) (7) (8) (9)
(1) Ability to communicate   0.55* 0.51* 0.42* 0.51* 0.35* 0.46* 0.57* 0.72*
(2) Conflict management 0.64*   0.63* 0.51* 0.52* 0.45* 0.48* 0.51* 0.78*
(3) Ability to criticize/take criticism 0.60* 0.70*   0.49* 0.48* 0.43* 0.42* 0.47* 0.74*
(4) Reliability/ rule compliance 0.56* 0.59* 0.56*   0.49* 0.55* 0.40* 0.35* 0.72*
(5) Independence 0.61* 0.61* 0.56* 0.59*   0.46* 0.57* 0.52* 0.77*
(6) Behavior at school/ vocational training 0.46* 0.55* 0.52* 0.60* 0.49*   0.45* 0.35* 0.70*
(7) Future perspective 0.52* 0.56* 0.53* 0.52* 0.63* 0.50*   0.50* 0.74*
(8) Integration into (peer)groups/ friendship 0.54* 0.54* 0.47* 0.37* 0.46* 0.31* 0.47*   0.73*
(9) Total score 0.78* 0.84* 0.80* 0.78* 0.80* 0.72* 0.78* 0.67*  
  1. Correlations were based on N = 431 at the initial measurement (t1; right triangle) and N = 415 at the last measurement (tn; left triangle); Pearson’s correlation coefficient r: 0.1-0.3 small effect, 0.3-0.5 medium effect, > 0.5 large effect; p-level (adjusted) for 72 correlations: *p = .01 → p = .000139.