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Table 5 Predictors of PTSD symptoms 15 months after explosion among children present in Omagh (N= 212)

From: A school based study of psychological disturbance in children following the Omagh bomb

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Variable β p β p β p
Pre-trauma
Age 0.229 0.692 0.190 0.734 0.554 0.285
Male −4.172 0.011* −3.297 0.036* −0.495 0.741
Previous psychological treatment 3.473 0.171 3.543 0.148 1.472 0.518
Peri-trauma
Perceived life threat    5.692 0.015* 2.541 0.250
Physically injured    −1.153 0.679 −0.331 0.899
Witnessed serious injury    4.077 0.015* 2.519 0.103
Witness people dying    0.952 0.589 1.712 0.295
Witnessed people dead    1.764 0.315 0.650 0.688
Post-trauma
Post-event support      −1.710 0.506
Depression (BDS score)      0.152 0.270
Anxiety (SCAS score)      0.173 0.000**
  1. Notes:
  2. 1. PTSD symptoms measured by Impact of Events Scale (IES) score.
  3. 2. Those present in Omagh includes those in Omagh town centre when the bomb exploded or shortly after and/or witnessed related traumatic events.
  4. 3. Dummy variables for school included in model but excluded from the table.
  5. 4. Model 1 Adjusted R2 =0.004; Model 2 Adjusted R2 = 0.107; Model 3 Adjusted R2 = 0.252.
  6. 5. P: *significant at the 0.05 level; **significant at the 0.01 level.