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Table 4 Variables of the EUROFIT physical fitness battery

From: Effect of yoga or physical exercise on physical, cognitive and emotional measures in children: a randomized controlled trial

Variables n Yoga (n = 49) Physical exercise (n = 49)
Pre Post Cohen’s d Pre Post Cohen’s d
B.M.I. (kg/m 2 ) 49 15.10 (1.69) 16.34 (1.88)*** 0.6936 15.36 (2.51) 16.60 (2.78)*** 0.4681
Bent arm (seconds) 49 3.64 (4.2) 2.60 (4.32) 0.2441 3.99 (8.84) 3.29 (6.63) 0.0895
Plate tapping (seconds) 49 17.98 (3.56) 16.37 (2.96)*** 0.4917 17.46 (3.41) 16.85 (3.05) 0.1885
Shuttle run (seconds) 49 25.14 (2.47) 25.15 (2.20) 0.0042 26.09 (2.55) 25.44 (2.28) 0.2687
Broad jump (cm) 49 120.44 (28.18) 116.74 (20.95) 0.1490 111.41 (27.50) 112.58 (21.80) 0.0471
No. of sit-ups in 30 sec 49 9.61 (5.60) 12.18 (5.90)*** 0.4468 8.63 (6.28) 11.37 (5.51)*** 0.4638
Right hand grip strength (kg) 48 15.67 (5.30) 16.65 (5.54) 0.1807 15.19 (6.00) 15.67 (5.36) 0.0843
Left hand grip strength (kg) 48 15.06 (4.98) 15.88 (5.30) 0.1594 14.31 (5.73) 14.98 (5.73) 0.1169
Flamingo balance right (no. of falls) 48 1.63 (2.06) 2.50 (4.27) 0.2595 1.29 (1.81) 2.83 (4.26)** 0.4705
Flamingo balance left (no. of falls) 48 0.98 (1.50) 1.65 (3.42) 0.2537 1.56 (2.68) 2.19 (3.46) 0.2035
  1. **p < .01, post-hoc analyses with Bonferroni adjustment; ***p < .001, post-hoc analyses with Bonferroni adjustment compared with pre. Values are group mean (S.D.).