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Table 4 Probability of being opened for ongoing services at the conclusion of maltreatment-related investigations involving infants in Canada in 2008 (n = 17,339)

From: Opportunities for prevention and intervention with young children: lessons from the Canadian incidence study of reported child abuse and neglect

Predictors b SE wald e b
Primary Caregiver Age (18 Years and Under)     
  19 to 21 Years -.33 .29 1.28 .72
  22 to 30 Years -.58 .26 4.88 .56*
  31 to 40 Years -.78 .30 6.82 .46**
  41 Years and Older .31 .55 .33 1.37
At Least One Caregiver Risk Factor 1.19 .24 24.70 3.28***
Child Functioning Concerns     
  Attachment Issues .65 .60 1.20 1.32
  Intellectual/Developmental Disability .53 .90 .34 1.69
  Failure to Meet Developmental Milestones .10 .62 .03 1.10
  FAS/FAE .61 .70 .77 1.84
  Positive Toxicology at Birth 1.16 .36 10.31 3.19**
  Physical Disability -.26 .76 .12 .77
No Second Caregiver in the Home -.31 .19 2.74 .74
Primary Income (Full-time)     
  Part-time/Seasonal .01 .52 .00 1.01
  Other Benefits/Unemployment .12 .34 .12 1.13
  No Income -.03 .37 .01 .97
At Least One Household Hazard 1.08 .30 13.46 3.03***
Household Regularly Runs Out of Money .39 .22 2.17 1.47
Number of Moves (No Moves)     
  One Move .07 .19 .14 1.07
  Two or More Moves .68 .24 8.36 1.97**
Type of Maltreatment (Physical Abuse)     
  Sexual Abuse -.70 1.61 .19 .50
  Neglect -.77 .36 4.44 .46*
  Emotional Maltreatment -.03 .51 .00 .97
  Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence -.50 .36 1.96 .61
  Risk -.32 .35 .85 .73
  −2 Log Likelihood Omnibus Tests of Model Coefficients (X2)
Model 880.52 137.96***
  1. * p < .05, ** p < .01, *** p < .001.