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Table 2 Bivariate correlations between continuous variables (n = 474)

From: Resource factors for mental health resilience in early childhood: An analysis with multiple methodologies

Variable 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Mean SD Alpha
1) P self-esteem 1             55.47 6.10 .80
2) T self-esteem .18*** 1            57.28 8.48 .92
3) P self-efficacy .64*** .17*** 1           28.92 3.90 .78
4) T self-efficacy .16*** .86*** .21*** 1          30.01 5.29 .93
5) P self-concepta .91*** .19*** .90*** .20*** 1         0.00 0.91 .86
6) T self-concepta .18*** .96*** .20*** .96*** .21*** 1        0.00 0.96 .95
7) P self-control .45*** .13** .47*** .15*** .51*** .15*** 1       20.67 4.05 .86
8) T self-control .09# .64*** .14** .61*** .12** .65*** .14** 1      23.75 5.57 .93
9) P child–parent relationship .52*** .05 .41*** .06 .51*** .06 .49*** .05 1     65.54 6.38 .78
10) T child-teacher relationship .07 .63*** .11* .60*** .10* .64*** .15*** .61*** .06 1    68.19 7.71 .89
11) P cumulative adversity index -.09 -.16*** -.05 -.19*** -.08 -.18*** -.06 -.13** -.07 -.10* 1   0.00 3.06 n/a
12) P SDQ difficulties (Time 2) -.43*** -.17*** -.37*** -.24*** -.44*** -.21*** -.38*** -.20*** -.39*** -.16*** .26*** 1 8.24 5.43 .83
13) T SDQ difficulties (Time 2) -.15*** -.26*** -.18*** -.34*** -.18*** -.31*** -.17*** -.34*** -.14** -.33*** .13** .42*** 6.94 6.21 .87
  1. Note. P= parent-reported; T= teacher-reported.
  2. a.A child self-concept composite score for each informant was created by averaging together standardised scores for child self-esteem and child self-efficacy.
  3. * p < .05. ** p < .01. *** p < .001.