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Table 1 Description of participating parents and children

From: The change and the mediating role of parental emotional reactions and depression in the treatment of traumatized youth: results from a randomized controlled study

Demographics of the parents (N = 135) n(%)
Person who completed the questionnaire ( n= 135)
  Mother 98 (72.6)
  Father 22 (16.3)
  Foster parents 12 (8.9)
  Other 3 (2.2)
Caregivers’ employment situationsa( n= 125; lower n , due to missing data)
  Working full time 68 (54.4)
  Working part time 18 (14.4)
  Job seeker 4 (3.2)
  Student 4 (3.2)
  Welfare recipient/Other 31 (24.8)
Caregivers’ educationb( n= 127; lower n , due to missing data)
  Completed junior high school 17 (13.4)
  Completed high school 46 (36.2)
  Completed vocational school 15 (11.8)
  <=4 years of college/university 41 (32.3)
  > 4 years of college/university 8 (6.3)
Caregivers’ ethnicity
  Study country 111 (82.2)
  Asian 11 (8.1)
  Western European Countries 3 (2.2)
  African Countries 4 (3)
  South/ Central American Countries 2 (1.5)
  Eastern European Countries 3 (2.2)
  Northern American Countries 1 (0.7)
Demographics of the children ( N  = 135) n (%)
Child’s gender ( n= 135)
  Girls 108 (80)
  Boys 27 (20)
Child’s age ( n= 135)  
  Range 10-18
  Mean M = 14.8 (SD = 2.2)
Child’s living situation ( n= 135)
  Lives together with both parents 31 (23)
  Lives equally with mother and father, but parents are divorced 4 (3)
  Live most or only with mother 70 (51.9)
  Live most or only with father 13 (9.6)
  Foster care 12 (8.9)
  Other (alone, institution, with boyfriend) 5 (3.7)
Household income ( n= 117; lower n , due to missing data)
  < NOK 200,000 (< USD 35,000) 17 (14.5)
  [NOK 200,000, NOK 500.000) ([USD 35,000, 87,000)] 46 (39.3)
  [NOK 500,000,1.000.000] ([USD 87,000, 174,000)] 39 (33.3)
  > NOK 1,000,000 (>USD 174,000) 9 (7.7)
  Do not know 6 (5.1)
Trauma groups, Child’s primary (worst) trauma ( n= 135)
  Accident 3 (2.2)
  Sudden death/ injury of a close person 25 (18.5)
  Hospitalization 1 (0.7)
  Extrafamilial violence 23 (17)
  Robbed 1 (0.7)
  Witness physical abuse inside family 5 (3.7)
  Exposed to physical abuse inside family 38 (28.1)
  Sexual abuse outside family 28 (20.7)
  Sexual abuse inside family 11 (8.1)
Months since worst trauma occurred ( n= 135)
  Range 1-138
  Mean M = 30.0. (SD = 32.8)
Child’s total number of traumatic experiences (n= 135)
  Range 1-8
  Mean M = 3.5 (SD = 1.7)
Child’s scores on the CAPS-CA, T1 ( n= 135)  
  Range 9-125
  Mean M = 60.4 (SD = 20.3)
Child’s scores on the CPSS, T1 ( n= 135)  
  Range 15-46
  Mean (SD) M = 29.9 (SD = 7.6)
  1. aIn 2012, 68% of the (country) population worked full-time.
  2. bIn 2010, the highest level of education for 30% of the (country) population was completing high school.