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Table 1 Proportion of participants reporting adverse life events and t-test statistics for differences in delinquency between those who have experienced an adverse event and those who have not, by sex

From: Adverse life events and delinquent behavior among Kenyan adolescents: a cross-sectional study on the protective role of parental monitoring, religiosity, and self-esteem

  Male n = 1,566 Female n = 1,498 Total n = 3,064
  % t(df) % t( df) %
In the last month, family did not have enough fooda, b 29.4 -7.9 (1530) 27.4 -8.1 (1456) 28.5
In the last three months, family suffered because parent(s) were out of a joba, b 37.7 -9.7 (1487) 38.1 -9.9 (1394) 37.9
Ever lived with a problem drinker or alcoholica, b 11.8 -10.3 (1506) 12.2 -9.4 (1434) 12.0
Parents ever divorced or separateda, b, c 11.9 -10.1 (1529) 9.6 -9.1 (1453) 10.8
Ever lost your home because of a disaster?a 11.2 -5.9 (1466) 12.5 -4.8 (1399) 11.8
Ever witnessed mother/mother figure being beatena, b 10.9 -2.9 (1530) 12.4 -0.2 (1455) 11.7
Ever kicked out of the home by a parent/guardian?a, b 4.5 -11.0 (1513) 3.2 -7.3 (1442) 3.9
Ever had a parent or adult living in same home inflict injurya, b 10.5 -7.1 (1501) 9.8 -9.4 (1439) 10.1
Ever been touched in unwanted sexual waya, b, c 1.3 -2.2 (1531) 5.6 -10.2 (1456) 3.4
Ever been physically forced to have sexual intercoursea, b, c 0.5 -3.1 (1530) 2.7 -11.5 (1453) 1.6
Number of adverse experiences (χ2 (3, N=3,064) = 0.12)      
     None 45.8 - 45.4 - 45.6
     One 17.2 - 17.3 - 17.2
     Two 18.1 - 18.5 - 18.3
     Three or more 18.9 - 18.8 - 18.9
  1. a, bp < .05 for differences in delinquency between males (a) and females (b) who have experienced the adverse event and those who have not based on t-tests.
  2. cp < .05 for differences between males and females based on chi-square tests.