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Table 2 Descriptive statistics of adolescents by sex

From: Adverse life events and delinquent behavior among Kenyan adolescents: a cross-sectional study on the protective role of parental monitoring, religiosity, and self-esteem

  Male n = 1,566 Female n = 1,498 Total N = 3,064
  % % %
Currently attending school (χ2 (1, N=3,063) = 15.39)*    
     Yes 74.3 67.9 71.2
     No 25.7 32.1 28.8
Residence (χ2 (1, N=3,060) = 0.32)    
     Korogocho 50.3 51.3 50.8
     Viwandani 49.7 48.7 49.2
Religious affiliation (χ2 (6, N=3,061) = 53.38)*    
     Catholic 27.7 27.5 27.6
     Protestant 21.4 22.1 21.7
     Pentecostal 19.2 26.1 22.6
     Other Christian 2.9 2.9 2.9
     Muslim 13.4 11.9 12.6
     No religion 10.7 4.7 7.7
     Other 4.7 4.8 4.8
Mean delinquency (SD) (t = 9.34; df = 3,062)*, a 0.10 (0.66) -0.09 (0.43) 0.00 (0.57)
Raw delinquency (t = 10.25; df = 3,062)* 0.25 (0.32) 0.15 (0.23) 0.20 (0.28)
Mean parental monitoring (SD) (t = -5.68; df = 3,014)* a -0.09 (0.87) 0.09 (0.89) 0.00 (0.88)
Raw parental monitoring (t = -5.69; df = 3,014)* 2.15 (0.83) 2.33 (0.84) 2.24 (0.84)
Mean religiosity (SD) (t = -7.53; df = 3,056)*, a -0.12 (1.01) 0.12 (0.73) 0.00 (0.89)
Raw religiosity (t = -7.58; df = 3,056)* 3.08 (1.17) 3.36 (0.85) 3.21 (1.03)
Mean esteem (SD) (t = -0.52; df = 3,061)a -0.01 (0.64) 0.01 (0.61) 0.00 (0.63)
Raw esteem (t = -0.56; df = 3,061) -1.55 (0.44) -1.54 (0.41) -1.55 (0.42)
  1. *p < 0.05 for sex differences based on chi-square tests (categorical variables) and t-tests (continuous variables).
  2. aIndices generated from standardized (mean equal to zero and standard deviation equal to one) values of individual items all scored in the positive direction. Number of items in scales: delinquency (9 items); religiosity (5 items); parental monitoring (9 items); self-esteem (5 items).