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Table 4 Linear regression of delinquency on number of adverse events, socio-demographics, and protective factors by sex

From: Adverse life events and delinquent behavior among Kenyan adolescents: a cross-sectional study on the protective role of parental monitoring, religiosity, and self-esteem

  Male Female
  Model 1 β(SE) Model 2 β(SE) Model 3 β(SE) Model 4 β(SE)
Adverse events (AE) 0.40(0.04)*** 0.30(0.04)*** 0.27(0.03)*** 0.22(0.02)***
Parental monitoring -0.11(0.02)*** -0.11(0.02)*** -0.05(0.01)*** -0.05(0.01)***
Religiosity -0.07(0.02)*** -0.06(0.02)*** -0.04(0.02)* -0.04(0.01)**
Self-esteem -0.09(0.03)*** -0.08(0.03)** -0.08(0.02)*** -0.07(0.02)***
15-19 years (ref. 12–14 years) -0.04 (0.03) -0.01 (0.03) 0.00 (0.02) 0.00 (0.02)
Out of school (ref. in school) 0.16(0.05)*** 0.15(0.05)** 0.11(0.03)*** 0.11(0.03)***
Viwandani (ref. Korogocho) -0.18(0.03)*** -0.17(0.03)*** -0.11(0.02)*** -0.11(0.02)***
AE × parental monitoring   -0.11(0.05)*   -0.08(0.03)**
AE × religiosity   -0.15(0.04)***   0.00 (0.03)
AE × self-esteem   -0.05 (0.06)   -0.13(0.05)*
Constant 0.16(0.03)*** 0.12(0.03)*** -0.06(0.02)*** -0.08(0.02)***
Observations (N) 1498 1498 1436 1436
Adjusted R-squared (R2) 0.23 0.26 0.25 0.27
  1. Ref = reference category.
  2. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.