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Table 3 Prevalence of mental disorders, level of functioning and history of abuse in JSOs re-referred for another sexual offense, re-referred for another non-sexual offense and not re-referred at all

From: Mental disorders and criminal re-referrals in juveniles who sexually offended

  Sexual re-referral (N = 7) General re-referral (N = 73) Non re-referral (N = 18)   Post Hoc
  % (N) % (N) % (N) χ 2; df = 2; p   OR (95% CI)
Any disorder 100 (7) 77 (56) 61 (11) 4.35; .11   
Comorbidity 71 (5) 56 (41) 44 (8) 1.61; .45   
Any internalizing disorder 71 (5) 36 (26) 39 (7) 3.45; .18   
- Any anxiety disorder 43 (3) 30 (22) 39 (7) 0.86; .65   
- Any affective disorder 57 (4) 10 (7) 11 (2) 12.64;* a 12.6 (2.3-63.1)
      b 10.7 (1.3-86.9)
DBD 57 (4) 62 (45) 39 (7) 3.05; .22   
- CD 29 (2) 48 (35) 17 (3) 6.32;* c 4.6 (1.2-17.3)
- ODD 57 (4) 48 (35) 33 (6) 1.62; .44   
ADHD 43 (3) 30 (22) 33 (6) 0.51; .78   
SUD 29 (2) 12 (9) 11 (2) 1.56; .46   
Parental physical abuse 14 (1) 40 (29) 33 (6) 1.89; .39   
History of sexual abuse 43 (3) 8 (6) 22 (4) 8.20;* a 8.4 (1.5-46.5)
CGAS < 61 100 (7) 66 (48) 50 (9) 5.59; .06   
Mean CGAS (SD) 49 (9) 60 (11) 63 (13) F(2, 95): 4.03;* b  
  1. *Significant difference at the .05 level, NS = not significant.
  2. a significant difference between JSOs with a sexual re-referral and JSOs with a general re-referral; b significant difference between JSOs with a sexual re-referral and JSOs without a re-referral; c significant difference between JSOs with a general re-referral and JSOs without a re-referral.
  3. DBD = Disruptive Behavior Disorder; CD = Conduct Disorder; ODD = Oppositional Defiant Disorder; ADHD = attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder; SUD = Substance Use Disorder; CGAS = Children’s Global Assessment Scale; SD = Standard Deviation; N = Number; df = degrees of freedom; OR = Odds Ratio; CI = Confidence Interval.