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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics, physical activity and sedentary behaviour of the sample

From: The relationship between physical activity, sedentary behaviour and mental health in Ghanaian adolescents

Variable Total sample ( N= 296)
M SD   
Age 14.85 1.36   
  Frequency %   
Gender     
Males 150 50.7%   
Females 146 49.3%   
Grade     
JHS 1 98 33.1%   
JHS 2 112 37.8%   
JHS 3 86 29.1%   
Socio-economic status     
Low (Public school) 103 68.7%*   
Low (Private school) (Parental education < tertiary) 33 22.6%   
High (Public school) 47 31.3%*   
High (Private school) (Parental education up to tertiary) 113 77.4%   
Physical Activity levels Frequency % Males Females
Low (score ≤2 on the PAQ-A) 131 44.3% 59 (45.0%) 72 (55.0%)
Mod-H (score >2 on the PAQ-A) 165 55.7% 91 (55.2%) 74 (44.8%)
Sedentary Behaviour levels     
Low (<4 hrs) 136 45.9% 74 (54.4%) 62 (45.6%)
High (≥4 hrs) 160 54.1% 76 (47.5%) 84 (52.5%)
Contexts of sedentary behaviour M (SD) M (SD) M (SD) M (SD)
(h/d) (h/d) (h/d) (h/d)
  Weekday Weekend
  Males Females Males Females
TV/video 1.14 (1.32) 1.42 (2.41) 1.90 (2.23) 2.17 (3.18)
Computer/internet 4.65 (5.25) 4.08 (4.72) 7.09 (7.32) 6.41 (6.67)*
Sitting 1.01 (2.75) 1.16 (2.80) 0.54 (1.01) 0.92 (2.43)
Travelling 2.16 (2.82) 2.03 (2.62) 0.36 (.83) 0.26 (.81)
  1. * p < 0.001.
  2. Abbreviations: Mod-H = Moderate to high physical activity levels; h/d = hour per day. Table 1 shows the frequency of physical activity participation and sedentary behaviors among junior high school participants.