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Table 1 Means (and standard deviations) of the Zurich Short Questionnaire on Parental Behavior and effect sizes (Cohen’s d) for group comparisons

From: Parenting behavior in families of female adolescents with nonsuicidal self-injury in comparison to a clinical and a nonclinical control group

Group Warmth/support M (SD) Psychological control M (SD) Behavioral control M (SD)
  Maternal Paternal Maternal Paternal Maternal Paternal
Adolescents
NSSI (n = 45) 28.30 (10.26) 29.27 (9.16) 11.95 (6.73) 10.61 (5.30) 15.71 (3.91) 14.73 (4.71)
CC (n = 27) 32.83 (7.43) 28.47 (9.03) 11.08 (5.22) 11.33 (6.41) 15.11 (4.26) 12.83 (4.71)
NC (n = 44) 34.10 (7.80) 33.48 (5.98) 9.42 (6.28) 7.99 (4.87) 15.54 (3.62) 13.11 (4.44)
Mothers
NSSI (n = 36) 33.93 (6.89)   8.86 (4.88)   16.31 (5.98)  
CC (n = 22) 34.44 (4.27)   5.59 (2.81)   15.05 (3.62)  
NC (n = 34) 33.87 (5.01)   6.47 (4.24)   14.94 (3.41)  
Fathers       
NSSI (n = 9)   33.48 (3.15)   8.25 (4.77)   12.75 (3.73)
CC (n = 5)   30.40 (6.80)   6.40 (6.19)   12.80 (3.70)
NC (n = 10)   33.66 (5.87)   8.50 (3.75)   13.00 (2.00)
Cohen’s d (adolescent self-report)
NSSI vs. CC 0.49 0.09 0.14 0.13 0.15 0.41
NSSI vs. NC 0.64 0.55 0.39 0.52 0.05 0.36
CC vs. NC 0.17 0.70 0.29 0.62 0.11 0.06
  1. NSSI Adolescents with nonsuicidal self-injury; CC clinical controls (adolescents with other mental disorders); NC nonclinical controls (adolescents without mental disorders)