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Table 4 Parents’ mean scores (and standard deviations) on the PSS and effect sizes (Cohen’s d) for group comparisons

From: Parenting behavior in families of female adolescents with nonsuicidal self-injury in comparison to a clinical and a nonclinical control group

Group Overall score Parental rewards Parental stressors Lack of control Parental satisfaction
M (SD) Cohen’s d M(SD) M(SD) M(SD) M(SD)
Mothers
NSSI (n = 36) 41.95 (9.13)   10.33 (3.06) 17.92 (6.37) 4.94 (1.84) 6.67 (1.80)
CC (n = 22) 36.73 (7.98)   9.36 (3.06) 16.18 (4.24) 4.32 (1.49) 5.41 (1.40)
NC (n = 34) 34.93 (8.54)   8.88 (2.97) 15.37 (4.59) 4.44 (1.78) 4.38 (1.84)
NSSI vs. CC   0.61     
NSSI vs. NC   0.80     
CC vs. NC   0.22     
Fathers
NSSI (n = 9) 42.50 (8.73)   11.00 (1.69) 17.50 (5.04) 5.75 (2.43) 6.00 (1.60)
CC (n = 5) 37.60 (5.98)   8.80 (5.17) 16.40 (3.78) 4.80 (0.84) 5.80 (0.84)
NC (n = 10) 35.90 (6.71)   10.70 (2.31) 14.70 (3.02) 4.60 (1.65) 4.40 (1.43)
NSSI vs. CC   0.67     
NSSI vs. NC   0.90     
CC vs. NC   0.28     
  1. PSS Parental Stress Scale; NSSI Adolescents with nonsuicidal self-injury; CC clinical controls (adolescents with other mental disorders); NC nonclinical controls (adolescents without mental disorders)