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Table 2 Association between depressive symptoms and aggressive behaviors

From: Do girls with depressive symptoms exhibit more physical aggression than boys? A cross sectional study in a national adolescent sample

Outcome as a continuous variable Predictive variables β 95% CI p
ADRS score Physical aggressive behaviors 0.802 0.645; 0.958 0.000
Other antisocial behaviors −1.365 −1.669; −1.062 0.000
Gender −1.260 −1.409; −1.111 0.000
Age −0.172 −0.265; −0.080 0.000
Alcohol consumption 0.064 −0.082; 0.211 0.391
Cannabis use 0.333 0.162; 0.504 0.000
Lifetime sexual abuse 1.474 1.262; 1.685 0.000
Repeat school year 0.618 0.464; 0.771 0.000
Single-parent family 0.141 0.031; 0.251 0.012
Educational level of mother −0.107 −0.105; 0.083 0.824
  1. β unstandardized regression coefficient, OR odds-ratio, CI 95% confidence interval
  2. Gender (0 = girls, 1 = boys); alcohol consumption (1 = 10 + times in the past month), lifetime use of cannabis (1 = once or more in their lifetime, 0 = never), lifetime sexual abuse (1 = once or more in their lifetime, 0 = never), repeated school years (1 = once or more in their life time, 0 = never), maternal educational level (1 = baccalaureate or more, 0 = less than baccalaureate) and single-parent family (1 = yes, 0 = no)
Outcome as a categorical variable Predictive variables OR 95% CI p
Clinically significant levels of depressive symptoms Physical aggressive behaviors 1.45 1.14; 1.84 0.002
Other antisocial behaviors 0.36 0.24; 0.54 0.000
Gender 0.38 0.30; 0.48 0.000
Age 0.90 0.78; 1.04 0.169
Alcohol consumption 0.96 0.73; 1.21 0.735
Cannabis use 1.25 0.96; 1.61 0.095
Lifetime sexual abuse 0.93 0.64; 1.35 0.694
Repeat school year 1.38 1.08; 1.76 0.009
Single-parent family 1.10 0.93; 1.30 0.256
Educational level of mother 0.90 0.78; 1.04 0.170
  1. β unstandardized regression coefficient, OR odds-ratio, CI 95% confidence interval
  2. Gender (0 = girls, 1 = boys); alcohol consumption (1 = 10 + times in the past month), lifetime use of cannabis (1 = once or more in their lifetime, 0 = never), lifetime sexual abuse (1 = once or more in their lifetime, 0 = never), repeated school years (1 = once or more in their life time, 0 = never), maternal educational level (1 = baccalaureate or more, 0 = less than baccalaureate) and single-parent family (1 = yes, 0 = no)