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Table 1 Studies included in the review of parents’ role in youth NSSI

From: Parents of youth who self-injure: a review of the literature and implications for mental health professionals

Risk factors associated with parentsa Help-seeking from parents Interventions involving parents Impact on parent wellbeing
Cross-sectional Longitudinal
Clinical Sample b
 Adrian et al. [26]
 Boxer [31]
 Esposito-Smythers et al. [40]
 Guertin et al. [43]
 Kaess et al. [50]
 Tan et al. [63]
 Tuisku et al. [67]
 Venta and Sharp [68]
 Warzocha et al. [69]
 Wolff et al. [71]  
Cohort Sample
 Baetens et al. [29]
Community Sample
 Deliberto and Nock [37]
 Wedig and Nock [70]
School Sample
 Baetens et al. [28]
 Bjärehed and Lundhc [11]
 Brausch and Gutierrez [23]
 Brunner et al. [32]
 Brunner et al. [33]
 Cerutti et al. [34]
 Claes et al. [35]
 Di Pierro et al. [38]
 Duke et al. [39]
 Giletta et al. [42]
 Hargus et al. [45]
 Hay and Meldrum [46]
 Kaminski et al. [51]
 Laye-Gindhu and Schonert-Reichl [54]
 Liang et al. [56]
 Lloyd-Richardson et al. [2]
 Mossige et al. [58]
 Swahn et al. [61]
 Taliaferro et al. [62]
 Tang et al. [64]
 Yates et al. [72]
 Zetterqvist et al. [3]
Clinical Sample b
 Cox et al. [36]
 Hurtig et al. [47]
 Jantzer et al. [48]
 Tuisku et al.d [66]
Cohort Sample
 Baetens et al. [30]
 Geulayov et al. [41]
 Lereya et al. [55]
 Page et al. [59]
Community Sample
 Hankin and Abela [44]
 Keenan et al. [52]
School Sample
 Andrews et al. [27]
 Hilt et al. [12]
 Jutengren et al. [49]
 Law and Shek [53]
 Lundh et al. [57]
 Shek and Yu [60]
 Tatnell et al. [65]
 Yates et al. [72]
 You and Leung [73]
Qualitative
 Berger et al. [80]
 Rissanen et al. [83]
 Fortune et al. [82]
 Fortune et al. [74]
Cross-Sectional
 De Leo and Heller [78]
 Evans et al. [77]
 Fadum et al. [81]
 Motjabai and Olfson [76]
 Rossow and Wichstrøm [75]
 Watanabe et al. [79]
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
 Brent et al. [88]
 Taylor et al. [89]
Dialectical Behaviour Therapy
 Fleischhaker et al. [91]
 Geddes et al. [92]
 Mehlum et al. [93]
 Tørmoen et al. [94]
 Woodberry and Popenoe [95]
Family Based Therapy
 Huey et al. [85]
 Ougrin et al. [86]
Psychodynamic Therapy
 Rossouw and Fonagy [87]
Parent Education Program
 Pineda and Dadds [96]
 Power et al. [98]
 Tambourou et al. [97]
Qualitative
 Byrne et al. [15]
 McDonald et al. [16]
 Oldershaw et al. [17]
 Rissanen et al. [99]
 Rissanen et al. [20]
Cross-Sectional
 Morgan et al. [100]
  1. Samples derived from Australia [16, 27, 65, 78, 80, 92, 96, 97], Belgium [2830, 35], Canada [54], China [53, 56, 60, 64, 73], England [17, 45, 74, 77, 82, 86, 87, 89], Europe (11 countries sampled for a single study) [33], Finland [20, 47, 66, 67, 83, 99], Germany [32, 48, 50, 91], Ireland [15, 98, 100], Italy [34, 38, 42], Japan [79], Netherlands [35, 42], Norway [58, 75, 81, 93, 94], Poland [69], Singapore [63], Sweden [3, 11, 49, 57], United Kingdom [41, 55, 59, 76] and the United States [2, 12, 23, 26, 31, 36, 37, 39, 40, 4244, 46, 51, 52, 61, 62, 68, 7072, 85, 88, 95].
  2. aStudies in which nonsuicidal DSH cannot be distinguished from DSH with suicidal intent, (e.g., sample consists of DSH regardless of intent or intent is not specified) are excluded.
  3. bIncludes inpatient [26, 31, 43, 50, 68, 69, 71] and outpatient [63, 66, 67] youth samples as well as samples of youth with specific diagnoses (i.e., bipolar disorder [40], ADHD [47]), and youth of parents with specific diagnoses (i.e., cancer [48], mood disorders [36]).
  4. cAlthough a test–retest design was used, relevant results were presented for Time 1 and Time 2 cross-sectionally.
  5. dOnly the first follow-up (1 year after baseline) is included in this review, as the mean age at the second follow-up (8 years after baseline) was beyond the age for inclusion.