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Table 2 Differences across Never, Past, and Current NSSI groups on specific coping strategies employed

From: A cross-sectional matched sample study of nonsuicidal self-injury among young adults: support for interpersonal and intrapersonal factors, with implications for coping strategies

  Current NSSI Past NSSI Never NSSI η2
M SD 95% CI M SD 95% CI M SD 95% CI
LL UL LL UL LL UL
Adaptive emotions
 Active coping 5.14a 1.76 4.78 5.51 4.91a,b 1.66 4.57 5.26 4.51b 1.38 4.22 4.79 0.03
 Planning coping 5.28a 1.82 4.91 5.66 4.96a,b 1.77 4.59 5.32 4.65b 1.38 4.36 4.94 0.02
 Positive Reframe 4.97 2.09 4.53 5.40 4.43 1.96 4.03 4.84 4.32 1.55 4.00 4.64 0.02
 Acceptance 5.76a 1.81 5.39 6.14 5.11b 1.76 4.74 5.48 4.76b 1.40 4.47 3.78 0.06
 Humor 4.40a 2.38 3.91 4.89 4.15a,b 2.08 3.72 4.58 3.42b 1.69 3.08 3.78 0.04
 Religion 3.51 2.50 2.99 4.03 3.26 2.51 2.74 3.79 3.53 2.10 3.09 3.97 0.00
 Seek emotional support 4.49 2.14 4.05 4.93 4.66 1.94 4.26 5.06 4.16 1.65 3.81 3.97 0.01
 Seek instrumental support 4.67 2.11 4.23 5.11 4.54 1.90 4.15 4.94 4.07 1.68 3.72 4.42 0.02
Maladaptive coping
 Denial 2.45a 1.85 2.07 2.83 1.52b 1.47 1.21 1.82 1.09b 1.53 0.77 1.41 0.11
 Self-distraction 5.58a 1.81 5.20 5.96 4.79b 1.77 4.42 5.16 4.29b 1.32 4.01 4.56 0.10
 Venting 3.56a 1.69 3.60 4.31 3.43a 1.83 3.05 3.81 2.52b 1.60 2.19 2.86 0.11
 Substance use 2.43a 1.87 2.04 2.82 1.41b 1.53 1.09 1.72 .52c 1.39 .23 .81 0.19
 Behavioral disengagement 3.03a 1.88 2.64 3.42 2.13b 1.75 1.77 2.50 1.19c 1.54 .87 1.51 0.16
 Self-blame 4.97a 2.04 4.54 5.39 3.87b 2.17 3.42 4.32 2.21c 1.80 1.84 2.59 0.24
  1. Different superscript letters (a, b, c) signify the group significantly differed.