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Table 2 Understanding and perception of parents about children’s behavioral, emotional and cognitive manifestations as a mental health problems (n = 532)

From: Parents’ perception of child and adolescent mental health problems and their choice of treatment option in southwest Ethiopia

Children mental health categories (SDQ) Symptoms of child mental health problems Freq %
Emotional problems Often complains of headaches, stomach-aches or sickness 78 14.7
Often unhappy, depressed or tearful 196 36.8
Many fears, easily scared 234 44.0
Nervous in new situations, easily loses confidence 198 37.2
Many worries or often seems worried 203 38.2
Over all emotional problems 909 34.0
Peer-relationship problems Picked on or bullied by other youth 123 23.1
Would rather be alone than with other children 133 25.0
Generally not liked by other children 114 21.4
Has no at least one good friend 143 26.9
Gets along better with adults than with other youth 71 13.3
Over all peer relationship problems 584 22.0
Hyperactivity problems Thinks things out before acting 165 31.0
Restless, overactive, cannot stay still for long time 146 27.4
Constantly fidgeting or squirming 299 56.2
Poor attention span, not see work through to the end 217 40.8
Easily distracted, concentration wanders 232 43.6
Over all Hyperactivity disorders 1059 39.8
Conduct problems Quarreling and bullying other children 128 24.1
Often Lies or cheats 199 37.4
Often loses temper 313 58.8
Generally not well behaved, usually doesn’t do what adults request 189 35.5
Steals from home, school or elsewhere 324 60.9
Over all conduct problems 1153 43.3
Cluster problems Internalizing problems 1493 28.1
Externalizing problems 2212 41.6
Pro-social problems Not considerate of other people’s feelings 89 16.0
Not kind to younger children 107 20.1
Not helpful if someone is hurt, upset or feeling ill 102 19.2
Refuse to shares readily with other youth, for example books, game 67 12.6
Often not offers to help others (parents, teachers, children) 69 12.9
Over all pro social problems 434 16.3
Additional psychopathologies Truancy from school 64 12.0
Suicidal thought 142 26.7
Suicidal behavior 167 31.4
Sleep problem 343 64.5
False, fixed and unusual belief 263 49.4
Hallucination 369 69.4