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Table 3 Differences in specific items on the Life Events Scale at baseline and follow-up

From: Adolescents’ reactions to participating in ethically sensitive research: a prospective self-report study

Life event Baseline Follow-up
Enjoy n (%) Worry/upset n (%) Enjoy n (%) Worry/upset n (%)
Yesa No Yes No Yes No Yes No
n = 1462 n = 373 n = 304 n = 1602 n = 1430 n = 451 n = 235 n = 1694
Problems with schoolwork χ2 = 1.01, p = 0.06 χ2 = 24.66, p = 0.00 χ2 = 1.94, p = 0.38 χ2 = 14.94, p = 0.00
624 (42.68) 167 (44.77) 170 (55.92) 647 (40.38) 719 (50.28) 242 (53.66) 147 (62.55) 840 (49.59)
Making/keeping friends χ2 = 1.03, p = 0.06 χ2 = 31.78, p = 0.00 χ2 = 0.66, p = 0.72 χ2 = 23.75, p = 0.00
293 (20.04) 83 (22.25) 89 (29.28) 298 (18.60) 307 (21.47) 102 (22.62) 79 (33.62) 337 (19.89)
Arguments/fights with friends χ2 = 3.40, p = 0.02 χ2 = 22.05, p = 0.00 χ2 = 3.29, p = 0.19 χ2 = 17.61, p = 0.00
370 (25.31) 108 (28.95) 106 (34.87) 383 (23.91) 372 (26.01) 137 (30.38) 90 (38.30) 429 (25.32)
Problems with girl/boyfriend χ2 = 1.46, p = 0.48 χ2 = 32.73, p = 0.00 χ2 = 0.55, p = 0.76 χ2 = 23.57, p = 0.00
126 (8.62) 38 (10.19) 53 (17.43) 117 (7.30) 172 (12.03) 60 (13.30) 49 (20.85) 189 (11.16)
Bullied at school χ2 = 1.45, p = 0.48 χ2 = 14.40, p = 0.00 χ2 = 0.03, p = 0.98 χ2 = 31.92, p = 0.00
216 (14.77) 59 (15.82) 65 (21.38) 223 (13.92) 181 (12.66) 58 (12.86) 57 (24.26) 193 (11.39)
Parents separated or divorced χ2 = 1.15, p = 0.56 χ2 = 6.82, p = 0.03 χ2 = 0.35, p = 0.84 χ2 = 8.53, p = 0.01
42 (2.87) 11 (2.95) 15 (4.93) 41 (2.56) 41 (2.87) 12 (2.66) 12 (5.11) 42 (2.48)
Serious arguments with parents χ2 = 6.71, p = 0.04 χ2 = 55.76, p = 0.00 χ2 = 11.43, p = 0.03 χ2 = 23.26, p = 0.00
375 (25.65) 119 (31.90) 133 (43.75) 379 (23.66) 443 (30.98) 149 (33.04) 107 (45.53) 504 (29.75)
Parents fights χ2 = 2.92, p = 0.40 χ2 = 49.66, p = 0.00 χ2 = 4.96, p = 0.08 χ2 = 22.92, p = 0.00
251 (17.17) 75 (20.11) 92 (30.26) 246 (15.36) 277 (15.87) 94 (20.84) 72 (30.64) 314 (18.54)
You or family member: serious illness or accident χ2 = 2.28, p = 0.32 χ2 = 13.14, p = 0.00 χ2 = 1.40, p = 0.50 χ2 = 30.45, p = 0.00
322 (22.02) 91 (24.40) 90 (29.61) 339 (21.16) 377 (26.36) 131 (29.05) 98 (41.70) 425 (25.09)
Close friends: serious illness or accident χ2 = 2.28, p = 0.32 χ2 = 14.59, p = 0.00 χ2 = 6.44, p = 0.04 χ2 = 30.00, p = 0.00
170 (11.63) 53 (14.21) 55 (18.09) 172 (10.74) 196 (13.71) 77 (17.07) 61 (25.96) 217 (12.91)
Death in immediate family χ2 = 1.80, p = 0.41 χ2 = 4.90, p = 0.08 χ2 = 1.92, p = 0.37 χ2 = 6.80, p = 0.03
35 (2.40) 13 (3.49) 13 (4.28) 37 (2.31) 28 (1.96) 12 (2.66) 10 (4.26) 30 (1.77)
Death of someone close χ2 = 3.47, p = 0.18 χ2 = 14.93, p = 0.00 χ2 = 2.21, p = 0.33 χ2 = 19.61, p = 0.00
235 (16.07) 69 (18.50) 72 (23.68) 240 (14.98) 242 (16.92) 86 (19.07) 64 (27.23) 267 (15.76)
Family or friends suicide χ2 = 4.54, p = 0.10 χ2 = 22.08, p = 0.00 χ2 = 1.16, p = 0.56 χ2 = 20.16, p = 0.00
25 (1.71) 12 (3.22) 12 (3.95) 24 (1.50) 54 (3.78) 19 (4.21) 19 (8.09) 53 (3.13)
Family attempt suicide or self-harm χ2 = 4.16, p = 0.13 χ2 = 86.62, p = 0.00 χ2 = 1.89, p = 0.39 χ2 = 54.23, p = 0.00
44 (3.01) 6 (1.61) 27 (8.88) 25 (1.56) 54 (3.78) 18 (3.99) 24 (10.21) 49 (2.89)
Friend attempt suicide or self-harm χ2 = 2.21, p = 0.33 χ2 = 99.44, p = 0.00 χ2 = 1.51, p = 0.47 χ2 = 80.69, p = 0.00
220 (15.05) 56 (15.01) 101 (33.22) 186 (11.61) 288 (20.14) 93 (20.62) 93 (39.57) 298 (17.59)
Physically abused χ2 = 9.50, p = 0.00 χ2 = 14.51, p = 0.00 χ2 = 1.48, p = 0.48 χ2 = 17.61, p = 0.00
16 (1.09) 8 (2.14) 9 (2.96) 14 (0.87) 21 (1.47) 6 (1.39) 8 (3.40) 20 (1.18)
Trouble with police χ2 = 12.89, p = 0.00 χ2 = 17.72, p = 0.00 χ2 = 2.01, p = 0.37 χ2 = 1.89, p = 0.39
15 (1.03) 12 (3.22) 9 (2.96) 20 (1.25) 26 (1.81) 12 (2.66) 6 (2.55) 33 (1.95)
Worries about sexual orientation χ2 = 3.37, p = 0.19 χ2 = 19.13, p = 0.00 χ2 = 0.77, p = 0.68 χ2 = 53.67, p = 0.00
88 (6.02) 18 (4.83) 32 (10.53) 75 (4.68) 29 (2.03) 32 (7.09) 43 (18.30) 104 (6.14)
Forced to engage in sexual activity χ2 = 1.39, p = 0.50 χ2 = 20.05, p = 0.00 χ2 = 1.23, p = 0.54 χ2 = 54.70, p = 0.00
19 (1.30) 6 (1.61) 11 (3.62) 14 (0.87) 29 (2.03) 10 (2.22) 14 (5.96) 25 (1.48)
Other distressing event χ2 = 0.41, p = 0.81 χ2 = 87.57, p = 0.00 χ2 = 0.33, p = 0.85 χ2 = 108.57, p = 0.00
  199 (13.61) 53 (14.21) 90 (29.61) 170 (10.61) 247 (17.27) 75 (16.63) 93 (39.57) 237 (13.99)
  1. NB: At both time points, being worried or upset is associated with experiencing more negative life events
  2. aPercentages represent the proportion of participants responding yes or no to this question, who reported experiencing the given life event in the previous 12 months