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Table 1 ANCOVA of ASR (Adult Self-Report) and MFQ (Mood and Feelings Questionnaire) scores for the different bullying involvement groups (Total N = 1266) adjusted for gender and parent SES-level

From: The long-term effects of being bullied or a bully in adolescence on externalizing and internalizing mental health problems in adulthood

Outcomes Non-involved (1) M (SD) Being bullied (2) M (SD) Bully–victim (3) M (SD) Aggressive toward others (4) M (SD) P value Post-hoc comparisona
N 982 158 39 87   
ASR total problems (range 0–240) 30.34 (23.74) 39.61 (25.29) 46.41 (31.23) 39.68 (30.47) <0.001 1 < 2, 3, 4
ASR externalizing problems (range 0–74) 6.55 (6.37) 8.69 (6.21) 10.33 (7.83) 9.46 (7.84) <0.001 1 < 2, 3, 4
ASR internalizing problems (range 0–80) 10.82 (10.23) 14.87 (11.78) 16.83 (15.47) 13.75 (13.06) <0.001 1 < 2, 3, 4
ASR attention problems (range 0–30) 5.40 (4.24) 6.30 (4.18) 8.21 (5.78) 6.63 (5.15) <0.001 1 < 3
ASR critical items (range 0–38) 2.90 (3.11) 3.90 (3.09) 5.14 (4.19) 4.21 (4.35) <0.001 1 < 2, 3, 4
MFQ depressive symptoms (0–68) 9.09 (11.25) 13.36 (13.62) 12.69 (13.16) 12.36 (13.86) <0.001 1 < 2, 4
  1. aHochberg’s step-up correction