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Table 5 Adjusted odds ratios (95 % CI) from binary logistic regression analyses comparing the different bullying groups in adolescence and being a high-scorer (90th percentile) versus low-to-moderate-scorer on mental health outcomes in young adulthood (Total N = 1266)

From: The long-term effects of being bullied or a bully in adolescence on externalizing and internalizing mental health problems in adulthood

Non-involved (n = 982) vs. Being bullied (n = 158) Bully–victim (n = 39) Aggressive toward others (n = 87)
OR 95 CI P value OR 95 CI P value OR 95 CI P value
ASR total problems 2.42 1.48–3.94 <0.001 3.36 1.41–8.04 0.006 3.28 1.82–5.93 <0.001
ASR externalizing problems 1.68 1.02–2.79 0.044 2.61 1.15–5.92 0.022 2.49 1.41–4.40 0.002
ASR internalizing problems 2.33 1.42–3.80 0.001 4.25 1.83–9.87 0.001 3.17 1.73–5.82 <0.001
ASR attention problems 1.28 0.74–2.19 0.379 3.24 1.47–7.15 0.004 2.37 1.32–4.21 0.004
ASR critical items 2.04 1.27–3.30 0.003 5.06 2.4–10.53 <0.001 2.32 1.29–4.19 0.005
MFQ depressive symptoms 1.92 1.18–3.13 0.009 1.89 0.71–5.05 0.206 2.19 1.17–4.10 0.014
  1. Adjustments made for gender and parent SES