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Table 6 Adjusted odds ratios (95 % CI) from binary logistic regression analyses comparing the different bullying groups in adolescence and being a high-scorer (90th percentile) versus low-to-moderate-scorer on mental health outcomes in young adulthood (Total N = 1266)

From: The long-term effects of being bullied or a bully in adolescence on externalizing and internalizing mental health problems in adulthood

Non-involved (n = 982) vs. Being bullied (n = 158) Bully–victim (n = 39) Aggressive toward others (n = 87)
OR 95 CI P value OR 95 CI P value OR 95 CI P value
ASR total problems 1.87 1.12–3.11 0.017 1.75 0.69–4.44 0.238 2.17 1.16–4.07 0.016
ASR externalizing problems 1.34 0.79–2.26 0.274 1.55 0.65–3.70 0.323 1.78 0.97–3.24 0.061
ASR internalizing problems 1.87 1.12–3.10 0.017 2.43 0.99–6.00 0.053 2.22 1.17–4.21 0.014
ASR attention problems 1.06 0.61–1.85 0.843 2.07 0.90–4.81 0.089 1.76 0.95–3.24 0.071
ASR critical items 1.70 1.03–2.79 0.036 3.31 1.52–7.20 0.003 1.73 0.93–3.23 0.083
MFQ depressive symptoms 1.61 0.97–2.68 0.064 1.20 0.43–3.39 0.726 1.62 0.84–3.14 0.154
  1. Adjustments made for gender and parent SES and and baseline mental health score
  2. Baseline mental health score for ASR(T4); YSR total problem score (T1), baseline mental health score for MFQ(T4); baseline MFQ score (T1)