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Table 3 Social network/social support variables and symptoms of depression

From: Social support and gender differences in coping with depression among emerging adults: a mixed-methods study

  Fewer friends in the fifth than in the first wave Less psychological everyday support (PES) Less psychological crisis support (PCS)
Value (ODDS) Confidence interval 95 % Sig. asymptotic (bilateral) Value (ODDS) Confidence interval 95 % Sig. Asymptotic (bilateral) Value (ODDS) Confidence interval 95 % Sig. Asymptotic (bilateral)
Lower boundaries Upper boundaries Lower boundaries Upper boundaries Lower boundaries Upper boundaries
Sadness 5.343* 1.648* 17.321* 0.005* 4.957* 1.357* 18.107* 0.015* 1.371 0.466 4.039 0.567
Pessimism 1.824 0.817 4.072 0.143 1.733 0.777 3.867 0.179 2.560* 1.028* 6.375* 0.043*
Failure 1.079 0.458 2.543 0.861 1.332 0.560 3.166 0.516 1.696 0.666 4.322 0.268
Lack of pleasure 1.042 0.464 2.338 0.921 0.938 0.419 2.099 0.875 2.000 0.812 4.926 0.132
Guilty feelings 0.840 0.382 1.847 0.665 1.489 0.677 3.273 0.322 3.335* 1.258* 8.838* 0.015*
Punishment feelings 2.222 0.850 5.808 0.103 1.088 0.426 2.783 0.860 2.857* 1.073* 7.606* 0.036*
Self-hatred 1.091 0.455 2.618 0.845 1.616 0.651 4.011 0.301 1.535 0.591 3.988 0.379
Self-criticalness 2.432* 1.087* 5.438* 0.030* 2.284* 1.024* 5.091* 0.043* 1.773 0.716 4.389 0.216
Suicidal thinking 1.667 0.555 5.001 0.362 3.547 0.951 13.228 0.059 2.040 0.660 6.304 0.216
Crying 1.308 0.553 3.093 0.541 2.725* 1.043* 7.119* 0.041* 3.076* 1.202* 7.873* 0.019*
Agitation 1.255 0.570 2.763 0.573 0.614 0.275 1.370 0.234 2.714* 1.025* 7.186* 0.044*
Lack of interest 1.276 0.581 2.802 0.543 0.926 0.423 2.031 0.849 1.167 0.480 2.836 0.734
Indecision 1.182 0.538 2.594 0.677 1.200 0.546 2.639 0.650 1.510 0.619 3.682 0.365
Worthlessness 1.495 0.611 3.656 0.378 1.616 0.651 4.011 0.301 2.631* 1.022* 6.774* 0.045*
Lack of energy 0.573 0.259 1.267 0.169 1.412 0.640 3.115 0.393 1.510 0.619 3.682 0.365
Change in sleep patterns 0.686 0.287 1.643 0.398 2.795* 1.188* 6.575* 0.019* 3.080 0.964 9.839 0.058
Irritability 1.276 0.581 2.802 0.543 1.278 0.581 2.809 0.542 1.433 0.588 3.493 0.428
Appetite changes 1.268 0.578 2.783 0.554 1.190 0.543 2.609 0.664 1.773 0.716 4.389 0.216
Concentration problems 0.491 0.217 1.112 0.088 1.035 0.467 2.297 0.932 0.949 0.386 2.332 0.908
Fatigue 0.852 0.388 1.868 0.689 2.229 0.997 4.984 0.051 1.361 0.559 3.316 0.497
Lack of sex appetite 0.490 0.183 1.312 0.156 0.502 0.197 1.278 0.148 1.428 0.512 3.984 0.497
  1. CI (confidence interval 95 %), * p < 0.05